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S.Africa's ruling ANC vows to act on corruption; EFF promises radical reforms

South Africa

<p><strong>South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (<span class="caps">ANC</span>) will kick-start the economy and deal with corruption, it vowed on Sunday, three days before elections at which its overwhelming majority faces its sternest test since the party rose to power.</strong> </p> <p>Less than 30 km (18.6 miles) away, the country’s second-biggest opposition party, the Economic Freedom Fighters (<span class="caps">EFF</span>), challenged the ANC’s governance record and promised a tougher stance on corruption and economic policies to target racial inequality.</p> <p>Though the <span class="caps">ANC</span> has won each parliamentary election since the transition from apartheid in 1994, recent opinion polls predict that it will bleed support to opposition coalitions that have gained ground as the <span class="caps">ANC</span> has been dogged by political scandal and a flagging economy.</p> <p>President Cyril Ramaphosa, who took over from scandal-plagued Jacob Zuma as <span class="caps">ANC</span> leader in December 2017, told about 70,000 supporters packed into Johannesburg’s Ellis Park Stadium on Sunday that the party would punish members guilty of stealing public money.</p> <p>A judicial corruption inquiry that began in 2018 has heard chilling evidence of how top officials took bribes from local and multinational companies in exchange for lucrative contracts from state firms.</p> <p>“We are determined that those found guilty of corruption or involvement in state capture will not be allowed to occupy positions of responsibility, either in the <span class="caps">ANC</span>, in parliament or in government,” Ramaphosa said at Sunday’s rally.</p> <p>“The era of impunity is over. We are now entering the era of accountability.”</p> <p>The torrent of allegations has hit <span class="caps">ANC</span> support, especially in urban areas.</p> <p>The <span class="caps">EFF</span>, formed by former <span class="caps">ANC</span> youth leader Julius Malema in 2013, has built its agenda on highlighting state graft and championing radical economic reforms the <span class="caps">ANC</span> has avoided, such as mine nationalisation and land expropriation without compensation.</p> <p>“The reign of thieves must fall, the reign of Ramaphosa must fall,” Malema chanted at a rally of about 40,000 supporters in Johannesburg township Soweto. “The <span class="caps">EFF</span> doesn’t have tolerance for corruption.”</p> <p>Three opinion polls in recent weeks show the ANC’s support ranging between 51 and 61 percent, compared with the 62 percent it won in 2014.</p> <h3>Kingmaker</h3> <p>The <span class="caps">EFF</span> won 10 percent of the vote in 2014 national elections. In local elections in 2016 it captured 12 percent, allowing it to play kingmaker in urban regions where neither of the top two parties managed to get past 50 percent.</p> <p>Analysts said it was telling that the <span class="caps">ANC</span>, as well as the two largest opposition parties – the Democratic Alliance (DA) and <span class="caps">EFF</span> – held their final campaign rallies in Gauteng.</p> <p>Despite being the province with the smallest land area, Gauteng generates more than a third of South Africa’s gross domestic product (<span class="caps">GDP</span>) and is the most populous province with a population of 14.3 million.</p> <p>In 2016 local polls the <span class="caps">ANC</span> lost control of the three largest metropolitan municipalities – economic hub Johannesburg, administrative capital Pretoria, both in Gauteng, and Nelson Mandela Bay in the eastern province.</p> <p>Ramaphosa said the <span class="caps">ANC</span> would revive economic growth and ease unemployment, which sits at more than 27 percent, by hitting an investment target of 1.4 trillion rand ($100 billion) and limiting policy uncertainty.</p> <p>“It has never been done before in South Africa and only the <span class="caps">ANC</span> will be able to mobilise these kind of resources,” Ramaphosa said.</p> <p>South Africa’s economic growth has slowed sharply in recent years, averaging about 2 percent in the past decade, while medium-term <span class="caps">GDP</span> is seen around 1 percent, well below the 4-5 percent needed to dent rising poverty and joblessness.</p> <p>Malema said the <span class="caps">EFF</span> would grow the economy in favour of black Africans and the youth by doubling child grants, offering free university education and nationalising key industries.</p> <p>“Political freedom without economic freedom is meaningless,” Malema said, referring to wealth and income inequality that has remained racially skewed and the slow progress of the ANC’s policies of affirmative action and macroeconomic orthodoxy.</p> <p>“We are not fighting white people. We are fighting to eat from the same dinner table,” Malema said.</p>

We are determined that those found guilty of corruption or involvement in state capture will not be allowed to occupy positions of responsibility, either in the ANC, in parliament or in government.

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