Fed up with the pollution caused by oil spills in Étimboué in western Gabon, NGOs and village communities have spoken out.
In a public statement, they have placed blame on Perenco, the independent Franco-British oil company, w hich has opperated in Gabon since 1992.
"Perenco operates in Africa whether in Gabon or in the DRC as in a country of lawlessness. It is as if they are in conquered territory," Marc Ona Essangui, founder of the environmental NGO Brainforest and president of Environment Gabon, told Africanews.
"The population is the victim of the damage caused by Perenco.
"Not only there is air pollution, but also water pollution. And today, civil society, through NGOs such as ROLBG, Brainforest and many others, have mobilised to tell Perenco stop."
The petrol sector is the largest contributor to Gabon's GDP and according to the World Bank, represents upwards of 20% of revenue.
'Rights of the people'
The petrol reserves are concentrated in the area south of Port Gentil. Many oil companies have been in operation in the area since the 1950s.
According to Essangui, Perenco has bought almost all of the French petrol giant Total's assets and uses its old facilities, which is causing the damage.
"All the damage is the consequence of non-maintenance, the consequence of negligence and the consequence of the autistic policy not only of Perenco but also of the leaders," he said.
In October, the government signed a new agreement with the company to develop hydrocarbons,
Reports have previously alleged the government has opaque dealings and close ties with Perenco.
Essangui said the NGOs would make ecological scandals public
"Today, we will even go to the international level to force Perenco to know how to respect the rights of the people and especially the rights of the environment."
The company has been contacted by media organisations about the allegations but has not responded.
UN to deliver draft treaty to combat plastic pollution by November
Plastic pollution: Treaty talks get into the nitty-gritty
Scientists developing technologies to get rid of plastic waste
Cleanup of oil-polluted Nigerian state would cost $12 bn: report
Nigeria's 'Spiderman' on a mission to protect the environment
Go to video
Guinea-Bissau joins UN agreement on environment and human rights