Hundreds of migrants have died after suffering from extreme abuse whilst crossing Africa.
Vincent Cochetel, UNHCR Special Envoy for the Central Mediterranean, denounced the violence perpetrated by Security forces.
"In 47% of the cases, the victims reported the perpetrators of violence are law enforcement authorities, whereas in the past we believed that it was mainly smugglers and traffickers. Yes, they are key perpetrators of violence but the primary perpetrators of violence are people who are supposed to protect."
Cochetel later added that "States have a responsibility that they need to discharge in that respect.", urging African States to respect Human Rights.
Those who survive are often left severely traumatised.
This is particularly true for the many who pass through Libya, where random killings, torture, forced labour and beatings are widespread, the report found.
Tens of thousands of refugees and asylum seekers, often sub-Saharan African and Asian migrants hoping to make it across the Mediterranean, have been stranded in chaos-wracked Libya, now a key route for illicit migration to Europe.
Fleeing abuse from war torn Libya, thousands of men and women cross the Mediterranean to reach Italy's safety.
This past year over 6 000 refugees disembarked on Lampedusa Island, in what can only be qualified as "appaling conditions" by Human Rights activists.