Migration, war, climate change and food insecurity were at the top of the agenda at the two-day Mediterranean Dialogues conference that opened in Rome on Friday.
"The Sahel is renowned today through the phenomenon of terrorist violence that occurred for the last ten years.. Niger, my country, lies precisely between the territory of Mali and the basin of Lake Chad. This is why we are facing the two biggest active terrorist outbreaks in the world," said Mohamed Bazoum, the President of Niger.
The conference, organised by he Italian Foreign Ministry, aims to boost cooperation among Mediterranean countries on security, climate change, migration and food security.
"The European Union's agenda for the Mediterranean and its 7 billion euros investment plan, strongly backed by Italy, Mr President, initiatives such as the Global Gateway that aims to mobilize up to 300 billion euros, Repower EU, they represent instruments that go in the right direction. Only by overcoming antagonistic approaches can we build a positive indedependency in using and safeguarding our common Mediterranean resources," said Antonio Tajani, the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Terrorists attacks within the larger west African block has been on the rise with countries like Mali, Niger, Chad, Nigeria and Burkina Faso are bearing the brunt of deadly attacks. The region is now calling on the international community to intervene.
Italy lauds Tunisia's efforts to curb illegal migration
Malians promised referendum in June on changing the constitution
Sahel region singled out on World Press Freedom Day
Go to video
Islamic State group extends its predation In the Sahel
55 migrants rescued in the central Mediterranean
Rwanda, Benin talk military cooperation over border security