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Experts brainstorm on funding conflict resolution in Africa

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<p>Various security experts from around the world are meeting in the Ethiopian city of Bahir Dar, which has been the been the scene of deadly protests by Amhara people.</p> <p>Brought together by the the 7th edition of the Tana Forum, their objective is to discuss on the future of peace and security in Africa. </p> <p>Nigeria is one of those countries whose economy has been degraded by conflict – specifically Boko Haram insurgency and the communal conflicts in Kaduna. The question many have been asking is; if funding is such a big issue then how would more money help tackle insecurity not just in Nigeria but across Africa?</p> <p>It’s a matter that has been under debate for decades, the question of funding for the African Union – and now its large component of ensuring peace and security.</p> <p>As much as global bodies support efforts to end conflicts in Africa – additional financing is needed, especially with the new forms of violence .</p> <p>“Marginalized agriculturalist societies face the same poverty as pastoralist societies and the question we are asking is; what is our concept of progress for them?” former Ghanaian president, John Dramani Mahama asked during the forum.</p> <p>But the continent is now being haunted by herdsmen movements – new fringe pastoralism defining conflict, security and development in the horn of Africa and the Sahel. </p> <p>For them, it’s a fight for survival yet as the World Bank reports; only up to 20% of livestock keepers can be considered business-oriented depending on the country.</p> <p>“As politics gets intense in our countries people tend to create constituencies and that radicalizes them – the postures of defenders of this or that group of people and that causes a problem, “ governance expert, Barrister Akere Muna said.</p> <p>Beyond just financing and reforming the African Union, the 54 member states have been challenged to assess capacities of handling conflict.</p>