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Madagascar 2018 presidential poll: Top 10 facts

Madagascar 2018 presidential poll: Top 10 facts


<p><strong>Madagascar’s presidential election on Wednesday has been described as critical for the Indian Ocean island nation that has been rocked by a political crisis since April.</strong></p> <p>With 35 candidates vying to unseat incumbent president, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, the stakes are further raised by the fact that three ex-presidents and three former prime ministers are also on the ballot.</p> <p>As part of our coverage of the process in our Africa Elections slot online, Africanews presents ten top facts as relates to the elections.</p> <a style="font-size:16px; font-color:yellow;" href="http://www.africanews.com/2018/11/02/madagascar-goes-to-the-polls-here-s-everything-you-need-to-know/"target="_blank">Madagascar presidential polls: Here’s everything you need to know</a> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#1 – Tenth presidential election</h2> <p>Wednesday’s election is the tenth presidential poll in Madagascar since 1965, and the second since the 2009 coup that isolated the country from the international community.</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#2 – A record 36 candidates</h2> <p>While the 2013 presidential polls attracted a record 33 candidates, this has been surpassed by the 36 who were approved by the High Constitutional Court to contest in the 2018 polls.</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#3 – Presidents, prime ministers and stars</h2> <p>The candidates contesting for presidency include three former presidents of Madagascar, ex-prime ministers, pastors and a popular musician.</p> <p>The ex-presidents are Marc Ravalomanana (2002-2009), Andry Rajoelina (2009-2013) and Didier Ratsiraka (1975-1993 and 1997-2002).</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#4 – Frontrunners</h2> <p>President Rajaonarimampianina and his two predecessors are the frontrunners in the presidential race, according to observers and a September opinion poll that was banned from publication but a copy of which was obtained by <span class="caps">AFP</span>.</p> <p>The survey, commissioned by the German Friedrich Ebert Foundation, gave Rajoelina 25% of votes, Ravalomanana 17% and 4% for Rajaonarimampianina.</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#5 – Campaign financing</h2> <p>With no laws capping campaign financing, analysts have predicted that results of the first round of voting will be hugely influenced by cash and resources.</p> <p>Some candidates have indeed expressed concern that former presidents and ministers have substantial resources that prevent a level playing field.</p> <a style="font-size:16px; font-color:yellow;" href="http://www.africanews.com/2018/11/03/madagascar-presidential-candidates-express-concern-over-finance/"target="_blank"><span class="caps">READ</span> <span class="caps">MORE</span>: Madagascar Presidential candidates express concern over finance</a> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#6 – Possibility of a second round</h2> <p>To secure an outright victory in the presidential election, a candidate needs to secure an absolute majority (50% plus one vote) in the first round.</p> <p>A run-off vote has been scheduled for December 19, in case none of the candidates secures a first round win.</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#7 – Electoral Commission vs High Constitutional Court</h2> <p>The National Independent Electoral Commission (<span class="caps">CENI</span>) conducts and supervises electoral operations, while the High Constitutional Court (<span class="caps">HCC</span>) verifies and announces election results.</p> <p>Disputes involving electoral operations and charges against electoral officials or other parties are made to the <span class="caps">HCC</span> within 20 days after election day.</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#8 – Election results</h2> <p>The <span class="caps">CENI</span> publishes and forwards provisional results to the <span class="caps">HCC</span>, which has up to 45 days to verify the count and proclaim the final results.</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#9 – Election issues</h2> <p>With an extreme poverty rate of 76.2%, many of the 10 million Malagasy voters will be rooting for a candidate that can deliver basic amenities of life like access to water and electricity and job opportunities.</p> <h2 style="font-size:16px;">#10 – Political instability</h2> <p>Since April, the opposition has led anti-government protests calling for the resignation of president Rajaonarimampianina, over controversial electoral laws.</p> <p>Beyond that, Madagascar is still struggling to recover from negative consequences of a disputed 2001 election and 2009 coup, led by Rajoelina.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="fr"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">Madagascar's presidential hopefuls hold final campaigns <a href="https://t.co/qedwCOtLkc">https://t.co/qedwCOtLkc</a></p>— africanews (@africanews) <a href="https://twitter.com/africanews/status/1059032765469990912?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">4 novembre 2018</a></blockquote> <script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
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