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Analysis: After 'Super Sunday' polls, where next for Africa?

Analysis: After 'Super Sunday' polls, where next for Africa?


A week ago today, Africa was bracing up for a loaded political day, with six elections slated on the same day (March 20) on different parts of the continent.

There were two runoff polls, there was an elections rerun in Tanzania and then a referendum meant to among others reduce a presidential term and adopt other political reforms.

West Africa was at the center of what was referred to as ‘Africa’s Super Sunday,’ Niger and Benin were having poll runoffs, parliamentary elections in Cape Verde Islands and Senegal’s referendum were on the cards.

Central Africa had a portion to play with a scheduled presidential election in Congo Brazaville, where the incumbent Denis Sassou Nguesso was looking to extend his over three decades rule. The Zanzibar (Tanzania) election rerun was East Africa’s bit part rôle.

African Elections – Where next?

Next, the electoral automobile would stop in the Horn of Africa’s Djibouti would be holding presidential polls on April 8 and Idris Deby’s Chad would also follow with elections, two days later on April 10.

But beyond those, Ghana and Gabon (General elections, with both John Mahama and Ali Bongo Ondimba seeking second terms) Gambia, (Jammeh seeking fifth term in office) Zambia’s Edgar Lungu would also be seeking a scond term whiles Rwanda’s Paul Kagame also seeks extension of mandate.

Electoral violence – A thing of the past?

All these polls with their unique dynamics were conducted and ended peacefully, a plus for African democracy. Could it then be safe to state that Africa is gradually drifting from electoral violence?

Reports indicated that all of the March 20 polls were peaceful across board, except for the tense atmosphere that was recorded in Congo Brazaville, where there was virtually a shutdown on the day of the elections.

A communications blackout (internet and phone services) only deepened the tension at least given the deadly nature of the October 2015 referendum that okayed Nguesso’s rule of extension by the ballot box.

Of all the post election reviews, the only tense feedback has been by Congolese candidate and former security chief General Jean Marie Michel Mokoko, who denounced Nguesso’s victory and called for a popular uprising in the Central African country.

Feather in the cap of Benin and Zinsou

In the two poll runoffs, the Niger case was pretty straightforward, all indicators showed that the incumbent president was going to win the poll. Mahammadou Issoufou went into a runoff that the opposition had boycotted.

The Beninese situation was quite different, the Prime Minister, Lionel Zinsou; the preferred candidate by the ruling party was in a strong position and only a yet he conceded defeat so early on.

Zinsou called to congratulate Patrice Talon, a local businessman; soon after results started coming in after the elections. Zinsou somewhat had followed the footsteps of erstwhile Nigerian leader Goodluck Jonathan who called President Buhari after last polls in Nigeria last year.

Talon, popularly referred to as the ‘King of Cotton’ shall be sworn into office on April 6.

YES’ to Sall’s political reforms

Macky Sall, the Senegalese President also scored a ‘‘YES’‘ with his referendum and general political reforms even though the opposition still hold their skepticisms about the President’s move to slash presidential term limits.

Meanwhile, Cape Verde’s opposition were victorious in the parliamentary polls and the Zanzibar elections was also won by the incumbent as was widely expected.