Africanews RSS free and in real-time all news published by, by subscribing to our RSS feeds.Thu, 17 Oct 2019 10:03:07 +0000Ivory Coast, Senegal et al attend 46th French Contemporary Arts Fair 46th edition of the annual French International Contemporary Arts Fair opens from October 17 – 20 at the Grand Palais in Paris. The fair is a key event for the French and world arts markets. This year, it has welcomed about 200 galleries of modern designs from some 29 countries. “People, I think, came here and pay attention because it’s not normal to see umbrellas under the water! That is really nice to see this exhibition”, said Brazilian tourist, Marina Yoshie. Patrons are thrilled to see impressive artworks outside the confines of museums. “I think it’s good to have art outside museums because there are lots of people, who I think don’t like queues or crowds. It’s surprising to see art just like that. That’s what makes it spectacular. We appreciate it a lot more“m French entrepreneur, Thierry Espinosa said. Among the highlights of the 46th International Contemporary Arts Fair are 38 solo exhibitions and 16 dialogue. This year, countries such as Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Iran are also taking part. The event is taking place at a time when there have been global outcry of challenges, ranging from the environment and immigration. Organizers have testified to the increasing level of diversity at the arts fair. AFPThu, 17 Oct 2019 10:03:07 +0000editorial@africanews.com hopes for return of foreign businesses is seeking to attract foreign businesses back to the country to help revive its ailing economy. On Wednesday, four U.S diplomats opened accounts at a Sudanese bank for the time in decades. Ellen Thorburn is Deputy Chief of mission at the US embassy in Khartoum. “One main reason is for convenience so we can use our new accounts and the debit cards in stores and restaurants as we move around Khartoum. Symbolic it is to support the economy of Sudan, we lifted economic sanctions in 2017 and we want to show that Sudan is open for business, that banks, international banks and businesses are welcome back here”, she said. Sudan has been hit by foreign currency shortages. Despite the United States listing a decade-old sanction in 2017, foreign investors have not returned. “There’s clearly been some dramatic changes in the Sudanese government and the timing seemed right now with the civilian led transitional government and the changes that they are enacting”, Thorburn added. An economic crisis in December 2018 sparked a nationwide protest leading to the ouster of long-time leader, Omar al-Bashir. The East African nation is now being ruled by a joint civilian-military body, known as the sovereign council. The council is spearheading a transition to civilian rule. AFPThu, 17 Oct 2019 09:10:33 +0000editorial@africanews.com of the day, October 16, 2019 samples the best pictures of the day’s news.Thu, 17 Oct 2019 08:17:00 +0000editorial@africanews.com nationals in South Africa appeal for relocation of foreign nationals demanded to be relocated from South Africa after camping at the UN refugee agency offices for a week. They took to the streets of Cape Town on Wednesday after a surge in xenophobic attacks last month. “I found myself, I mean nothing, 15 years in South Africa. But I still have that feeling to go to university but they stop me. That is, I can’t take it anymore. It’s better I must leave this country. It’s better I must leave (points to paper in her hand). That is the evidence”, a Congolese refugee, Mireille Mwaka said. For Sylvia Nahimana, refugee from Burundi “we are making things easy for them so we want to leave the country to go to a safe place. You can kill someone everyday, there will be day other people will say, we are tired up to here. So we don’t want to negotiate anything there’s no negotiations. We really want to be out of this country as soon as possible, please.” The foreigner nationals, many of whom describe themselves as asylum-seekers say they no longer feel safe. A xenophobic attack in South Africa last month led to the death of at least 12 people.Hundreds of foreign-owned businesses and properties were destroyed. AFPThu, 17 Oct 2019 07:22:48 +0000editorial@africanews.com French language needs flexibility: lessons from 2019 Festival des Francophonies director of the Festival des Francophonies in Limousin, Hassane Kassi Kouyaté believes that the rigidity of the French language could negatively affect its use across the globe. Kouyaté, a Burkinabe actor and director, griot and descendant of griots, was this year entrusted as head of the Festival des Francophones in Limoges, describes the French language as ‘beautiful, poetic and creative’. ‘‘While in certain countries, one can be excused for saying « le femme ou la homme » because people know what he is talking about, a rigid Frenchman might outrightly dismiss the message, only focusing on the poor French spoken, and this has hindered the popularisation of the language,’‘ Kouyaté explains. ‘‘This makes people afraid to use it in some cases because they will be sanctioned and judged.’‘ French is the fifth most widely spoken language in the world, with up to 274 million French speakers worldwide. In Africa alone, 31 of the continent’s 54 countries use French as an official language, a legacy that can be traced to French and Belgian colonial power. Kouyaté, who hails from Burkina Faso, says art which is by nature flexible, can play a huge role in promoting the French language. ‘‘Beyond traditional learning techniques, there is a need to share it through art and culture, where learning and education are not rigidly bound by the rules. Here, expression will flow, and enrich the language, consequently recruiting more people to speak the language.’‘ At last year’s celebrations of the International Francophonie Day, French president Emmanuel Macron announced an ambitious project design to extend the international influence of the French language. French-Moroccan novelist Leïla Slimani was appointed to lead the campaign that included increasing the number of students enrolled in international French secondary schools. READ MORE: Francophonie Africa inspires Macron to launch French language mission Kouyaté, who became the first African to head the Festival des Francophones, outlined his grand vision for the prestigious event. ‘‘The festival should be a place where artists from the universe of the Francophonie meet to express themselves, give birth to new projects, debate and celebrate ideas, as well as a place of research.’‘ This year’s festival brought together various artists from countries on the African continent and diaspora. Kouyaté believes that considering the constraints artists on the continent have in terms of structure and resources, exposure from this festival ‘helps the artists’ exhibition and therefore their development’. ‘‘Africa is a social cultural and intellectual power because of its youth,’‘ he adds. The recently elected head of the International Organisation of La Francophonie (OIF), Rwandan Louise Mushikiwabo, said she would make the popularisation of the French language, one of her core missions in her four-year tenure.Wed, 16 Oct 2019 20:27:30 +0000editorial@africanews.com opens new facility in Rwanda National Basketball Association, (NBA) Africa has launched a new basketball court in Rwanda’s capital Kigali. The initiative is intended to expand Junior NBA programs, teach life skills and build new basketball courts in the East African nation. The programme is part of a new, multiyear partnership, announced last month in Morocco, that uses its transformative power of basketball to empower Moroccan and Rwandan youth and their communities. “The NBA is using this program the junior NBA to build leadership, life skills for the kids here and a sense of community. You know the game of basketball brings communities together and kids playing the game of basketball together is something that builds team work and awareness of your neighbour and allowing them to do what they were born to do and that’s being great,” said retired NBA basketball player Jerome Williams. Expanding the Junior NBA Leagues in Morocco and Rwanda builds on the NBA’s commitment to the development of the African continent. This year, the NBA plans to reach more than 51 million youth in 75 countries through league play, in-school programming, clinics, skills challenges, and other outreach events.Wed, 16 Oct 2019 17:48:05 +0000editorial@africanews.com World Cup: Japan plots another upset against South Africa plots another upset Since January this year, coach Jamie Joseph has prepared Japan’s Brave Blossoms, stressing the need for different game plans for each opponent at the Rugby World Cup. Before each match, the reserve players have been studying the tactics of their opponents’ scrum and then replicating that in practice, giving the starting pack ideal preparation. This has resulted in Japan consistently challenging their much heavier opponents at scrum time, something they will need to do on Sunday when they take on South Africa in the quarter-finals. “We make a firm strategy for a good scrum,” said scrum coach Shin Hasegawa on Wednesday. “(Hooker Takuya) Kitade and (back row Yoshitaka) Tokunaga are contributing and help us build our scrummaging strategy. “(They make us realise) what we want to do and what sort of scrum we want to have. When they are able to do this it gives us immense confidence. “When an opponent changes, our scrummaging changes and players change. “When we feel that we need to educate each player (on various way of scrummaging), non-team members help us and give us comfort.” Japan know they will need all their wits about them against the experience of two-time champions South Africa in Tokyo. Boks plot for Japan match South Africa’s assistant coach Mzwandile Stick says the Boks must find a way of stopping high speed Japanese ‘Ferraris’ if they are to prevail in the World Cup quarter-final on Sunday. Japan have electrified the World Cup with their high-tempo game plan devised by coaches Jamie Joseph and Tony Brown with wingers Kenki Fukuoka and Kotaro Matsushima the chief beneficiaries of the speed at which the team are playing. Matsushima is the tournament’s joint-top try scorer alongside Wales’ Josh Adams with five, while Fukuoka has crossed four times, twice against Scotland on Sunday, which helped the Brave Blossoms into their first quarter-final. “Jamie Joseph compared their two wings (Fukuoka and Matsushima) to Ferrari cars, so we have to not allow those Ferraris to go to fifth gear or sixth gear,” Stick told reporters in Tokyo on Tuesday. “We must make sure we are at our best with our defensive systems, because they are very skilful and have quick players.” The fact South Africa could end the host nation’s run through the tournament had not been lost on the Springboks, especially with their news conferences heavily attended by local media. “Playing against the host nation, we know they are going to be playing with a lot of passion, and the supporters are going to be behind them,” he said. “We could hear the vibe at the stadium at Yokohama (for Japan against Scotland) when watching on TV. It’s going to be a tough challenge.” Quarter-finals South Africa will take on the Brave Blossoms in a quarter-final fixture that will inevitably evoke memories of Japan’s shock 34-32 victory over the Springboks in Brighton at the 2015 World Cup. The Springboks coach, Rassie Erasmus said on Monday they had deliberately played a warm-up fixture against Japan ahead of the World Cup to try and dampen down any talk of the Brighton Miracle. “In all honesty, the reason for that warm-up game was to erase the Brighton game, so that if we do play them in play-off games, that game hopefully doesn’t get mentioned again,” Erasmus told reporters ahead of their quarter-final on Sunday. “It’s 1-1, and now we go into a quarter-final game against a really tough team. That (Brighton) game is in the past now.” South Africa comfortably won that September 6 match, 41-7, but Erasmus acknowledged that their pre-tournament clash would have absolutely no bearing on how both sides played at Tokyo Stadium on Sunday. Wales will take on France in the day’s other quarter-final. Defending champions New Zealand play against Ireland, while England take on Australia in Saturday’s quarter-final matches. Typhoon Hagibis affects matches Organisers of the Rugby World Cup deemed the risk from Typhoon Hagibis so high that they cancelled matches for the first time in the tournament’s 32-year history. With the huge storm set to potentially devastate parts of Japan, Italy’s game against New Zealand in Toyota and England’s match against France in Yokohama on Saturday have been cancelled while Japan’s game against Scotland on Sunday is also in doubt. The host nation would advance to the quarter-finals for the first time if their game in Yokohama is called off. “While making every possible effort to put in place a contingency plan that would enable all of Saturday’s matches to be played, it would be grossly irresponsible to leave teams, fans, volunteers and other tournament personnel exposed during what is predicted to be a severe typhoon,” said tournament director Alan Gilpin. “We fully appreciate that England, France, New Zealand and Italy fans will be disappointed, but we trust they will appreciate that their safety must come first.” Super Typhoon Hagibis is heading north toward Japan’s main island and could make landfall on Saturday, with torrential rain, high winds, storm surges and high waves expected. As it stands, New Zealand will finish top of Pool B with South Africa going through as runners up. South Africa vs Canada South Africa celebrated their 500th test by storming into the Rugby World Cup quarter-finals with a 66-7 victory over Canada on Tuesday. The Springboks ran in six tries in the first half hour at Kobe Misaki Stadium, and Canada’s woes deepened a couple of minutes before halftime when replacement lock Josh Larsen was shown a red card for an illegal shoulder charge at a ruck. The Boks had wrapped up the bonus-point they needed to secure their quarter-final berth by the 18th minute, with the best of those tries coming from Reinach as he picked up the ball at the base of a ruck inside the Bok 22 and scythed through a gap in the defence. The Boks will find out who they face in the quarter-finals on Sunday. Ticket target hit Rugby World Cup organisers announced on Friday they had hit their target of selling 1.8 million tickets during the tournament. Despite fears that crowds might be sparse in Japan, not a traditional rugby nation, fans have turned out in their droves, packing stadiums even for games not involving tournament heavyweights. World Rugby chief Bill Beaumont said the tournament had “captured the hearts and minds of a nation and the global rugby family” and congratulated the Japanese organised for hitting their milestone. There are now a “limited” number of tickets available on the official ticketing website, as sponsors and nations hand back some seats, organisers said. “While tickets remain available, our advice to fans is to only buy through official channels to avoid being disappointed,” said Beaumont. Ticket prices vary widely, from 100,000 yen ($936) for the best seats at the final, to 2,000 yen for the cheapest entry to the pool game between USA v Tonga. South Africa trounce Italy South Africa took a critical step towards qualification to the quarter-finals of the Rugby World Cup when they crushed an Italy side reduced to 14 men for most of the second half 49-3 on Friday. The win at Shizuoka Stadium took the Springboks above the Italians and New Zealand to the top of Pool B. The ever-dangerous Cheslin Kolbe scored a try in each half and Bongi Mbonambi, Lukhanyo Am, Makazole Mapimpi, RG Snyman and Malcolm Marx also crossed to comfortably earn the twice World Cup winners a bonus point. Italy’s already tricky task became nigh on impossible when they had prop Andrea Lovotti sent off for dropping Duane Vermeulen on his head in the 43rd minute and their slim hopes of progressing now rest on beating the All Blacks for the first time. “It was tough in the beginning, we knew what the challenge would be and that it would be a forward battle, so from the first scrum we wanted to give everything,” South Africa captain Siya Kolisi told reporters. “We wanted to control the set-pieces, because they are very strong in that, and we did that today. “It’s been a tough couple of weeks but we have regrouped. Our coaches and management have been backing us by giving us as much information as possible and the way we responded today was really good.” Italy had spoken before the game of how discipline would be crucial in deciding the outcome but they specatacularly failed to back their words with action as they battled to match the physicality of their fired-up opponents. “We played against a very strong side,” Italian captain Sergio Parisse said. “We tried to come back in the second half but after the red card it was very difficult. “It’s tough for us, but we must keep going forward. We are very disappointed, but we must try and finish well against the All Blacks (on Oct. 12).” Spectator from space South Africa’s clash against Italy will be watched by millions of fans across the planet, and one Italian astronaut Luca Parmitano who will be cheering on his team from space. Parmitano will be watching Friday’s Pool B match from the International Space Station as it orbits some 400 km above the earth. Italy are looking to upset the Springboks and reach the knockout stages for the first time. Parmitano, who has been in space since July, had a message for the Italian team. “You are a team and have to work all together to reach your goal, which is that of winning,” he said in a video posted by the European Space Agency and the Italian Rugby Federation. It is not the first time Parmitano has broken new ground in space. In August he became the first person to DJ in space when he played a set from the ISS for a club in Ibiza. Boks make changes ahead of Italy clash South Africa have made a few changes in their ranks ahead of the crunch Rugby World Cup Pool B clash against Italy at the Shizuoka Stadium on Friday. The Boks made three changes to their first-choice pack as they brace for a muscular forward challenge from Italy. Two of the switches are in the front row as hooker Bongi Mbonambi and experienced prop Tendai Mtawarira come in for Malcolm Marx and Steven Kitshoff respectively. Lock Lood de Jager, who did not start against New Zealand in their opening fixture, has also been preferred to Franco Mostert as coach Rassie Erasmus looks for continuity in the line-out after a six-day turn-around from the 57-3 victory over Namibia in Toyota City. “This game is going to be decided by the forwards and at the set phases and we wanted to maximise our options in those battles,” Erasmus told reporters on Tuesday. “For us this is a crunch game, it’s do-or-die. We will do what we have to do, if we have to grind it out, no matter how we do it, win with a drop-goal or something, we will do it to get out of the pool stages.” The Boks have chosen a six-two split on the bench, overloading with forwards – hooker Marx, props Kitshoff and Vincent Koch, locks RG Snyman and Franco Mostert, and loose-forward Francois Louw, another sign that Erasmus is concerned about the battle in the pack. It means the only backline cover comes from utility back Frans Steyn and scrum-half Herschel Jantjies, but Erasmus feels they have enough versatility on the pitch to cover for any eventualities. “People may think it is a gamble to have only two back replacements, but we want to have plenty of ammunition for what is likely to be a major forward battle. “It’s a 23-player game these days and the players who come on will be expected to contribute almost as much in game time as those who start among the front rowers. “Frans can cover (number) 10, 12 and 15, Damian de Allende can play at 13, Cheslin (Kolbe) can play scrumhalf or full-back and Faf (De Klerk) can even play as a flyhalf if needed. So we have a lot of options.” Centre Jesse Kriel has not been considered as he recovers from a hamstring injury picked up in the opening 23-13 loss to New Zealand. Team: 15-Willie le Roux, 14-Cheslin Kolbe, 13-Lukhanyo Am, 12-Damian de Allende, 11-Makazole Mapimpi, 10-Handre Pollard, 9-Faf de Klerk, 8-Duane Vermeulen, 7-Pieter-Steph du Toit, 6-Siya Kolisi (captain), 5-Lood de Jager, 4-Eben Etzebeth, 3-Frans Malherbe, 2-Bongi Mbonambi, 1-Tendai Mtawarira Replacements: 16-Malcolm Marx, 17-Steven Kitshoff, 18-Vincent Koch, 19-RG Snyman, 20-Franco Mostert, 21-Francois Louw, 22-Herchel Jantjies, 23-Frans Steyn. The Italians also made changes of their own with South African-born Braam Steyn shifting from number eight to the side of the scrum to accommodate the return of talismanic captain Sergio Parisse. The match is a must-win game for both sides as they seek a quarter-final berth and will have a knockout feel, with Parisse’s vast experience of 141 caps and five World Cups adding huge value for the Italians. Steyn will provide muscle, South African know-how and foraging at the breakdown for what Italy coach Conor O’Shea expects to be a brutal physical battle. “We feel this is the best squad that we could have selected based on the specific game-plan we have for South Africa, so we are very pleased to have everyone fit and available,” O’Shea told reporters in Shizuoka on Wednesday. “It’s going to be a massive physical challenge and these guys will have to front-up, otherwise we have lost the game before it has even started.” Italy have a full haul of 10 points from their two Pool B matches but must still face New Zealand after their meeting with the Boks. Team: 15-Matteo Minozzi, 14-Tommaso Benvenuti, 13-Luca Morisi, 12-Jayden Hayward, 11-Michele Campagnaro, 10-Tommaso Allan, 9-Tito Tebaldi, 8-Sergio Parisse (captain), 7-Jake Polledri, 6-Braam Steyn, 5-Dean Budd, 4-David Sisi, 3-Simone Ferrari, 2-Luca Bigi, 1-Andrea Lovotti Replacements: 16-Federico Zani, 17-Nicola Quaglio, 18-Marco Riccioni, 19-Federico Ruzza, 20-Alessandro Zanni, 21-Sebastian Negri, 22-Callum Braley, 23-Carlo Canna. Ecstatic Japan players Japan’s stunning victory over Japan victory put the host nation in pole position to qualify for the knockout stages and it will surely lead to an explosion of interest in Japan. “Thank you for today!” Japan hooker Shota Horie said to the crowd after being named man of the match. “Thanks to your cheers, I was able to run to the last centimetre, the last millimetre. “The tournament still continues, let’s fight calmly and let’s fight together. Thank you for today!” Veteran forward Luke Thompson echoed those sentiments. “I am so happy but it’s not finished yet,” he said. “We will concentrate for the Samoa game from tomorrow. We practised the breakdown a lot. Good team work today. I am happy.” Coach Jamie Joseph said the stunning victory, which matched the upset of twice world champions South Africa at the last World Cup in 2015, had been long in the planning. “We’re ecstatic about the result,” the New Zealander said. “We’re really proud of the players, we had a plan, we’ve been training for a long time. We’ve been thinking about this game for quite a long time, obviously Ireland have been thinking about it for the last six or seven days. “We’ve got another couple of games to go but we’ll enjoy tonight I reckon.” Japan next face Samoa on Oct.5. South Africa vs Namibia South Africa claimed their first victory at the Rugby World Cup, emerging 57-3 victors over Namibia at the City of Toyota Stadium on Saturday. South Africa ensured that there would be no repeat of the upset earlier in the day by Japan, who beat Ireland, as they ran in nine tries in a slick display. “All in all, a great performance from the boys…”Springboks captain Schalk Brits gives his thoughts after his side beat Namibia 57-3 at #RWC2019#RSAvNAM— Rugby World Cup (rugbyworldcup) September 28, 2019 The Springboks next face Italy on Friday in Fukuroi City in a match that should decide second place in the pool, while Namibia face the daunting prospect of meeting New Zealand in Tokyo on Oct. 6. Japan upset Ireland Hosts Japan stunned Ireland 19-12 in an extraordinary upset on Saturday to win their second match of the Rugby World Cup and give themselves a strong chance of reaching the knockout stages for the first time. The Brave Blossoms came from behind at Shizuoka Stadium to beat a side recently ranked number one in the world in a shock to match their victory over twice world champions South Africa at the 2015 World Cup. UPSET! UPSET! UPSET! Japan ?? stun world number 2 Ireland ?? 19-12 in front of their own fans. Stuff of dreams! Wow! Wow! Wear green and Japan will punish you. Ask the Springboks! Scenes in Fukuroi. ? #JPNvIRE #RWC2019— Usher Komugisha (@UsherKomugisha) September 28, 2019 #RWC2019 Congratulations Japan JRFURugby – worthy winners today with an incredible performance and amazing support. Thanks to our own fans who cheered us to the last – wonderful as always.#ShoulderToShoulder #JPNvIRE #TeamOfUs— Irish Rugby (IrishRugby) September 28, 2019 UNBELIEVABLE! On home turf, Japan have achieved an incredible win over Ireland! Shizuoka is rocking! FT: Japan 19-12 Ireland #RWC2019 #JPNvIRE— Rugby World Cup (@rugbyworldcup) September 28, 2019 “It’s difficulty to put into words, just really proud of the boys…”JRFURugby captain Pieter Labuschagne gives humble interview after historic first win over Ireland at #RWC2019#JPNvIRE— Rugby World Cup (rugbyworldcup) September 28, 2019 Namibia relishing opportunity to take on Boks Minnows Namibia take on their neighbours South Africa in what they believe will be an exciting Rugby World Cup encounter. “The nerves are sky-high, it’s something that I have been dreaming of my whole life. I can’t explain the feeling, it just feels very big,” Namibia centre PJ Walters told reporters on Friday. Walters, who made his international debut off the bench against Italy in the 47-22 loss last Sunday, says his main aim is not to “try anything stupid”. He played in the fullback position against Italy, but he will line up at the City of Toyota Stadium at inside centre and will likely have a busy evening as the much more fancied Springboks batter the Namibia defensive line with their powerful runners. As for a gameplan, he said his focus is on sticking to the instructions of coach Phil Davies. “Stick to the basics… do everything that we have been training on in the last few months. And don’t try anything stupid!” There is a chance that the enthusiasm of the Namibians may get the better of them and in a World Cup where overzealous, and high tackles are already a major talking point, Walters says the players are well-aware of the consequences. “It’s on our minds (about high tackles), you know you can get cited. The low cut is the best tackle you can get, so we must just stick with that,” he said. Walters, 26, is one of many players in the Namibia squad who have been exposed to South African rugby through their schooling and studies. Born in the tiny southern Namibian town of Keetmanshoop, he was schooled across the border in Upington in South Africa’s Northern Cape. He was part of the academy of the Johannesburg-based Golden Lions, but never managed to break into the professional scene in the country. That failure makes Saturday’s clash all the more significant for Walters, giving him a chance to prove his ability, and perhaps put himself in the shop window for professional South African and European clubs. “When I got the news (of a World Cup call-up) I was having a braai (barbecue) with my cousin and just chilling. Coming from where I come from, it was a very, very big thing for me,” he said. “There will be no love lost on Saturday because it is against our neighbours, but we also represent Africa together. “I just think it will be a great clash, a great atmosphere and a big opportunity for us (as players).” New Zealand, Ireland are good: Boks South Africa’s coaching staff say New Zealand and Ireland have been the most impressive teams at the Rugby World Cup so far, adding that the Springboks emerged stronger from their 23-13 loss to the defending champions. “Apart from New Zealand they were the only other team that put in a full 80 minutes of constructive, well-planned, decisive and clinical rugby (in the opening matches),” Bok coach Rassie Erasmus said. “Physically and tactically they were really good, the same as New Zealand. Those are the two teams that I think have been really consistent in the last two years and they will both be a really tough opponents.” We are stronger: Boks The Springboks dominated large parts of their match against New Zealand on Sept. 21 but were undone by two tries in four minutes from the world champions, both coming from South African errors in fielding high balls. ‘‘I know it is a cliché that everybody says when they lose, that ‘we learnt a lot out of it’, but we did. For us it was a great match in terms of tactical, physical and getting challenged in all departments,’‘ Erasmus said. “Mentally … the build-up during the week, the enormousness of the game, the physicality and speed. You know if you play the All Blacks and you make two errors, it is 14 points (against you), so it was nice to play in a game like that where there is so much pressure.” The Boks are next in action against minnow neighbours Namibia in Toyota City on Sept. 28 and have made 13 changes to their side in what is expected to be a comfortable win. South Africa are widely expected to breeze to a bonus-point win over Namibia, which lost its opener 47-22 to Italy, but Nienaber said there are no specific targets in the game other than to put in a performance that showcases what the team has worked on in training. “We have had an unbelievable vibe at training in terms of the intensity and the things we wanted to fix. Our system will develop and New Zealand opened up something in the way they attacked and their style of play that we have to work on, so it was nice to get that (challenge).” “We are always trying to improve, so there is no points limit, or to say, ‘if we only concede three points that would be a good defensive performance’, or ‘if we concede 30 I will be disappointed’. New Zealand regains top rank Defending champions New Zealand are back to the top of the world rankings, following their Rugby World Cup victory over South Africa. The All Blacks’ decade-long reign at the world’s number one ranked team came to an end last month, first losing the mantle to 2019 Six Nations champions Wales and then to Ireland. According to the intricacies of how the standings are calculated, New Zealand would have returned to the summit with a win over their Rugby Championship rivals, regardless of how Ireland did against Scotland, World Rugby said. In the event, the world champions beat the Springboks 23-13 while Ireland cruised past the Scots 27-3. South Africa’s defeat pushed them down to fifth, below Wales who start their World Cup campaign later on Monday against Georgia. France’s dramatic victory over Argentina pushed them ahead of Scotland into seventh spot. Rugby fans react to opening weekend This try was a instant classic from Namibia at Rugby World Cup 2019. #RWC2019— Rugby World Cup (@rugbyworldcup) September 23, 2019 Duck, dodge and then dive ?‍♂️. What a try #WALvGEO #RugbyWorldCup ????????— Ryan Kirby (@RyanKirby2) September 23, 2019 Can this referee on the #Springboks game come visit us in ?? for one day. We just want to see something.— Vusi Thembekwayo (@VusiThembekwayo) September 21, 2019 Our Rugby team keeps making it to the world cup, THE WORLD CUP guys?. But the support of the Namibia is dololo, but let our soccer team just win a friendly match and everyone is going crazy.?‍♀️— BubblesQueen?? (@mickykaapama) September 20, 2019 Namibia impress despite loss Namibia impressed many rugby fans and pundits, despite falling to a 47-22 loss against Italy, in their Pool B opener at the Hanazono Rugby Stadium in Osaka on Sunday. Italy scored three tries within the space of 10 minutes either side of halftime to give themselves some breathing room against a stubborn Namibia side. Namibia, who have now lost all 20 of their World Cup matches, still managed to give the crowd something to cheer with tries to scrumhalf Damian Stevens and wingers J.C. Greyling and Chad Plato. The Italians now travel to Fukuoka to meet Canada on Thursday, while Namibia face South Africa in Toyota City on Saturday. South Africa lose New Zealand clash New Zealand emerged 23-13 victors over South Africa in a clash between two World Cup favourites on Saturday that never quite lived up to its billing. Having wrestled the Rugby Championship from their rivals last month, South Africa pinned a scrappy New Zealand back for 20 minutes but, with only three points to show for it, the Springboks were left stunned by two scintillating team tries from wing George Bridge and lock Scott Barrett. The All Blacks, who have an 11-day break before their next game against Canada, should go on to top Pool B and hope for an easier quarter-final as a result. South Africa next face Namibia in Toyota City. “It was the full 80 minutes and right to the end of the test match we had to work (hard),” New Zealand captain Kieran Read said. “Good fortune sometimes happens and in those two moments we managed to take them and that made the difference in the game.” Read suggested that a greasy ball coming off the Yokohama pitch had made life difficult for the players. “We had to defend early, but when we did get opportunities we tried to speed up the play a bit but it was pretty tough out there with the conditions.” The Springboks had the physicality to match New Zealand but not the precision, with too many missed tackles, at times aimless kicking and poor hands under the high ball gifting away territory. “We didn’t start well and they did, handling our kicking game really well,” Bok captain Siya Kolisi said. “And a little bit of their physicality as well, I think we took too long to get into the game. “We stuck to our guns in the second half and we scored first, like we planned, but we couldn’t capitalise on our opportunities.” Weekend fixtures Africa’s representatives at the World Cup, South Africa and Namibia, who are both in Pool B, will be in action this weekend. South Africa’s Springboks will take on defending champions, New Zealand All-Blacks on Saturday, while Namibia take on Italy on Sunday. Japan wins World Cup opener Hosts Japan on Friday won the tournament opener against Russia, running out 30-10 winners after being given an early scare by the Russians. Kotaro Matsushima scored a hat-trick of tries, as the hosts recovered from conceding an early try. After an opening ceremony featuring a dazzling laser light show and appearances by Japan’s Crown Prince Akishino and All Blacks great Richie McCaw, there were quickly a few fireworks on the pitch. The Russians, laid on as sacrificial lambs for the opening party, stunned the noisy crowd of 48,745 into silence when they pounced on a Japanese error and scored the tournament’s first try through winger Kirill Golosnitskiy in the fourth minute. Man of the Match Matsushima replied with Japan’s first try seven minutes later but it was not until he went over for his second just before the break that the error-prone home side took the lead at 12-7. Japan looked more direct after the break and flanker Pieter Labuschagne soon extended the lead with an individual effort, stripping the ball from an opponent and then running a third of the pitch to touchdown under the posts. Russia kept coming at the home side but 12 minutes from time Matsushima again showed his pace on the outside to secure the bonus point that might be key to Japan’s hopes of advancing from Pool A, which also includes Ireland, Scotland and Samoa. “You get out there and realise just how much pressure there is on the night,” Japan coach Jamie Joseph told reporters. “Our kicking game was pretty poor tonight so we’re going to fix that up quickly,” he added, conceding that his team made a lot of unforced errors. The Russians next take on Samoa on Sept 24, while Japan go up against the number one-ranked Irish in Fukuroi City on Sept 28 in a match the hosts will be desperate to win if they wish to progress to the quarter-finals for the first time. They will need a much-improved performance to get anywhere close to what would be a stunning upset to rank with their win over South Africa at the 2015 World Cup. New Zealand focused on South Africa clash Defending champions New Zealand say they are focusing all their energy on the World Cup opener against South Africa on Saturday, which they consider to be their most challenging match. The two old rivals, who have won the World Cup five times between them, meet in Yokohama to kick-start the tournament and lay down a marker for the weeks to come. With Italy, Namibia and Canada the other teams in Pool B, regardless of Saturday’s result New Zealand and South Africa would expect to qualify for the quarter-finals. It means the All Blacks, who are chasing a third consecutive World Cup, will be holding nothing back on Saturday. “We’re actually not thinking too far ahead in this tournament right now because this weekend is a pretty big weekend, isn’t it?” assistant coach Ian Foster said on Tuesday. “And it’s kind of made it really good for us as coaches because we can just put all our energy into that first game. “Whichever way it goes then I guess we can sort out the plan that we follow after that.” South Africa come into the tournament having only lost once in their last seven matches, including a draw with New Zealand in July. The Springboks were victorious when the two sides met in Wellington this time last year. That means New Zealand are way of the threat posed by coach Rassie Erasmus’ team and are looking at the match more as a standalone contest than a World Cup tone setter. “We’re at a heightened state always when we play South Africa,” said Foster. “I know the World Cup is big but I guess our focus has been on this game for a while.” REUTERS South Africa calls for fairness South Africa’s Springboks on Monday called on the French referee Jerome Garces to treat them as equals during this weekend’s opening Pool B blockbuster clash with defending champions New Zealand. Assistant South Africa coach Mzwandile Stick said that with the gap between the All Blacks and their potential rivals for the Webb Ellis Cup closing, match officials need to be consistent in how they applied the laws to all teams. In the past, World Cup-winning All Blacks captain Richie McCaw, a wizard in the loose, was often accused of influencing referees to rule in his favour at the breakdown. “The fans are excited by this one and looking forward to it,” former South Africa sevens specialist Stick said of the Saturday’s showdown in Yokohama. “Hopefully the officials maybe will treat everything equally and respect the game and also respect the fans.” South Africa topped New Zealand in this year’s Rugby Championship and Ireland are currently ranked world number one but Stick said the All Blacks remain the team to beat. “If you look at previous history when it comes to the All Blacks, they’ve been dominating at Test level and it’s always the case that whenever they go to the World Cup they are favourites,” he said. Recent history between the Boks, who are blooming under coach Rassie Erasmus, and Steve Hansen’s All Blacks promises to make for a tight encounter on Saturday. “Things are a lot more balanced between us an New Zealand right now,” Stick said. “We can’t ask for any better build-up towards the World Cup: if you look at the last three games we played against the All Blacks, in Wellington last year we won by two points, they came to Pretoria and won by two points, and then we drew against them again this year in Wellington. “We’re looking forward to this challenge, it’s going to be a tough one… against one of the best teams in the world and given the history between the two teams.” AFP South Africa defeats Japan South Africa cruised to a comfortable 41-7 victory over Japan on Friday in their final World Cup warm-up match, thanks to a hat-trick of tries from Makazole Mapimpi. Winger Cheslin Kolbe opened the scoring with a neat finish on seven minutes, before Mapimpi ran in two easy tries from the other flank as the Springboks built a 22-0 lead at halftime in Kumagaya. Further tries from Mapimpi and Kolbe either side of Kotaro Matsushima’s consolation and a final flourish from Herschel Jantjies secured victory for South Africa and helped soothe the memory of Japan’s famous win at the 2015 World Cup. With this victory, South Africa laid down a tournament marker and gained revenge for defeat four years ago, while Japan must look for improvement in their World Cup opener against Russia on Sept. 20. Africa’s representatives South Africa and Namibia, who will be representing the African continent at this month’s Rugby World Cup, are finalising preparations that they hope will be sufficient to secure glory. Both teams are in Pool B, along with defending champions New Zealand, Italy and Canada. Hosts Japan will open the World Cup against Russia on Sept. 20 in Tokyo before South Africa face old rivals New Zealand in Yokohama. Namibia play their first match against Italy on Sunday 22. South Africa raring to go South Africa, who have won the World Cup twice, are set to play their final warm-up match against hosts, Japan. The Springboks will be wary of Japan who caused one of the biggest upsets in tournament history with their 34-32 victory over them at the 2015 World Cup in England. “You can definitely see this is a much different team, much more fitter, much more stronger. Their systems are working and they know exactly what they are about, they know their strengths and weaknesses,’‘ said Siya Kolisi, South Africa’s captain ahead of the match. Namibia seeks maiden victory Namibia will be seeking their first ever World Cup victory, 20 years after they debuted at the prestigious tournament. They are banking on the experience of their Welsh coaches to end a 19-match losing streak. Former Wales forward Phil Davies has been in charge of a team known as the Welwitschias, a sturdy desert plant, since just before the last World Cup in 2015. Davies works with compatriots Mark Jones (backs) and Dale McIntosh (forwards) as assistant coaches, while another Welshman, Wayne Proctor, is responsible for strength and conditioning. “This is not a case of jobs for the ‘boyos’,” Davies stressed. “They are used to working with full-time and part-time professionals and that is what we have in the Namibian squad.” Scrum-half Eugene Jantjies is set to play at a fourth consecutive World Cup and says the Welwitschias’ aim continues to be finding a winning formula. “This is the best squad we have had for many years and after coming so close to winning four years ago, I believe we can create history in Japan,” he said. READ MORE: South Africa names squad for 2019 Rugby World Cup in JapanWed, 16 Oct 2019 17:11:00 (Daniel Mumbere) Kenya opens second phase of modern railway’s President Uhuru Kenyatta on Wednesday opened a new $1.5 billion Chinese-built rail line linking the capital Nairobi to the Rift Valley town of Naivasha, despite delays in establishing an industrial park there to drive freight traffic. The extension links to the $3.2 billion line between the port of Mombasa and Nairobi that opened in 2017, also suffering from underutilization of its cargo services. Both sections were Chinese-funded. The development of Kenya’s railways has been part of China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative, a multi-billion dollar series of infrastructure projects upgrading land and maritime trade routes between China and Europe, Asia and Africa. Kenya had planned to open an industrial park in Naivasha, offering companies tax breaks for investing in manufacturing, and preferential tariffs for electricity generated in the nearby geothermal fields. But that has been delayed. Kenyatta was re-elected for a five-year term in 2017 after promising to develop the East African nation’s infrastructure. The railway was his pet project but it has been dogged by problems. In April, China refused to fund the planned $3.7 billion extension from Nairobi to the Ugandan border town of Malaba. Transport Minister James Macharia said then that the government would spend $210 million to rehabilitate the colonial-era Malaba line instead. Many importers say the new Mombasa to Nairobi railway is too expensive to move freight. They have been angered by government attempts to force them to use it. It costs about $800 to truck a container from Mombasa to Nairobi, but $1,100 by rail, mainly due to extra costs for moving goods from the rail terminus to an inland depot. Government borrowing has been ramped up to fund the railway and other projects such as roads. Total public debt stands at about 55% of GDP, up from 42% when Kenyatta took power in 2013.Wed, 16 Oct 2019 16:59:00 +0000editorial@africanews.com Sidama's self-determination referendum set for Nov. 20’s Sidama community will wait one more week to determine their fate after a referendum on their self-determination was postponed. State-affiliated Fana news agency reported on Tuesday that the new date for the vote is Nov. 20 instead of Nov. 13. The electoral board explained that the delay of the referendum that would have created the country’s 10th autonomous region, was caused by a lag in preparations. Ethiopia’s nine regional states enjoy a level of autonomy where they are able to choose their official language and have limited powers over taxation, education, health and land administration. Agitation for self-determination Emboldened by reforms introduced by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed since he came to office in 2018, political activists from the Sidama, currently subsumed into one of the nine states, wanted to unilaterally declare a new regional state in July. At least 17 people were killed that same month in clashes between security forces and Sidama activists, while some leaders accepted an offer from the government for a referendum within five months. In August, the electoral board said it would deploy close to 1,700 polling stations and 8,500 election officials for the referendum. Unintended consequences of reforms At least eight other ethnic groups in Ethiopia, a country of 105 million people, are also seeking autonomy. Abiy, 43, appointed by the ruling coalition in April 2018, has won praise for political reforms in what was once one of the continent’s most repressive nations. He won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for his peacemaking efforts, which ended two decades of hostility with longtime enemy Eritrea. But with many activists using the greater freedoms to demand more rights, tensions between rival interests have sometimes led to violence. REUTERSWed, 16 Oct 2019 15:45:21 +0000editorial@africanews.com worrying commercialization of schools [Business] and education, once considered sanctuaries in Africa are now becoming commercial activities. Today, the poorest segments of the population are becoming, powerless that schools have become, so to speak, a commercial product, thus generating large profits. But how did we get here? Our Jean David Mihamle speaks to ‘‘Citizen Dynamics’‘, a Cameroonian organization against the commercialization of schools in Africa. Jean Marc Bikoko tells him,’‘the school is no longer a laboratory where knowledge is dispensed, but it is the demand of companies that prevail.’‘Wed, 16 Oct 2019 10:24:02 (Jean David MIHAMLE)'s how to vote Africans nominated for Athletics Awards to six African track stars were nominated for this year’s Best Athletes Awards, according to the athletics’ governing body IAAF. Fans can access the IAAF’s social media platforms to vote for their favorites among the nominees announced on Monday and Tuesday. Athletes of the year will be announced live on stage at the World Athletics Awards 2019 in November. Male Athlete of the Year Kenyan athletes, Eluid Kipchoge and Timothy Cheruyiot and Uganda’s Joshua Cheptegei are among the 11 nominees for the IAAF male athlete of the year, Kipchoge on Saturday became the first man to run a marathon in less than two hours, finishing a special marathon in Vienna in one hour, 59 minutes and 40 seconds. ALSO READ: Kenya’s Eliud Kipchoge wins IAAF male athlete of 2018 Ten winners from the recent world athletics championships in Doha also are under consideration for the global honour including Americans Donovan Brazier (800m), Christian Coleman (100m), Sam Kendricks (pole vault), Noah Lyles (200m), and Christian Taylor (triple jump). Cheptegei won the 10,000m race in Dohga and also holds the world cross country title. Bahamas’ Steven Gardiner (400m), Sweden’s Daniel Stahl (discus) and Norway’s Karsten Warholm (400m hurdles) are also nominated. Female Athlete of the Year Kenya’s marathon world record holder Brigid Kosgei, her compatriots Beatrice Chepkoech and Hellen Obiri were among 11 nominees for the IAAF female athlete of the year announced by IAAF on Tuesday. 25-year-old Kosgei finished the Chicago Marathon in two hours, 14 minutes and four seconds on Sunday to shatter Paula Radcliffe’s 16-year-old world record of 2:15:25, which the Briton had set in London. Chepkoech won the 3000 metres steeplechase race at the recntly concluded World Championships in Doha, while Obiri won the 5000m event at the same championships. Other world champions nominated included were Jamaica’s Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (100m and 4×100m) and Briton Katarina Johnson-Thompson (heptathlon). American Dalilah Muhammad, who earlier this month broke her own world record to win the women’s 400 metres hurdles title at the world championships with a time of 52.16 seconds, was also nominated for the global honour. Sifan Hassan, Mariya Lasitskene, Malaika Mihambo, Salwa Eid Naser and Yulimar Rojas completed the list. How to vote A three-way voting process will determine the finalists, with the IAAF Council and the IAAF Family will cast their votes by email. Fans on the other hand will cast their votes online on the IAAF’s social media platforms up to November 5. ‘‘Individual graphics for each nominee will be posted on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram this week; a ‘like’ on Facebook and Instagram or a retweet on Twitter will count as one vote.’‘ The IAAF Council’s vote will count for 50% of the result, while the IAAF Family’s votes and the public votes will each count for 25% of the final result. When voting is done, five men and five women finalists will be announced by the IAAF, and the winners announced live on stage at the World Athletics Awards 2019 in November.Wed, 16 Oct 2019 10:00:00 (Daniel Mumbere) police free over 300 young men from 2nd 'torture house' than 300 young men were rescued from another Islamic boarding school in Northern Nigeria, Monday. Police say, the men were chained, tortured and sexually abused. “I think the situation became so bad, that they could no longer bare it. So I think it was yesterday that they revolted, and started rioting and escaping from this facility”, said Katsina police chief, Sanusi Buba. The raid comes after an escape by some students on Sunday. Thus revealing the barbaric and horrific conditions they were living in. ‘‘If you do not finish it, they are going to beat you. If you vomit, you would eat the food together with the vomit. And when you want to go to bathroom or toilet, you will be naked, bare feet. And when you go to bed, you want to sleep, you’ll be lying on the back, all like dead bodies, 40 people inside one room., a survivor, Abubakar Saminu said. Earlier this month, police rescued over 300 others including men and boys from another Islamic institution in Kaduna. Many of the students faced similar treatment. AFPWed, 16 Oct 2019 08:56:04 +0000editorial@africanews.com set for first all-female spacewalk: NASA space program NASA plans to carry out the first all-female spacewalk this week, it said Tuesday. Astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir will venture outside the International Space Station either Thursday or Friday to replace a power controller unit that failed over the weekend. ‘‘There are a lot of people that derive motivation from inspiring stories of people that look like them,’‘ Koch said when asked about the significance of women making strides in the space program. ‘‘What we are doing now shows all the work that went in for the decades prior, all the women that worked to get us where we are today. It’s really nice to see how far we have come,’‘ Meir said. Breaking sexism barriers The first such mission was supposed to take place in March but had to be cancelled because the space agency had only one medium-sized suit at the time, with a male-female combination performing the required task at a later date. Traditionally male-dominated NASA’s failure to be adequately prepared was denounced in some quarters as evidence of implicit sexism. What’s the mission? The new date was announced by administrator Jim Bridenstine in a tweet, while a blog post detailed the job at hand: swapping out a faulty Battery Charge/Discharge Unit (BCDU) with a new one. The station is out of direct sunlight for much of its orbit and therefore needs batteries, and the BCDUs regulate the amount of charge that goes into them. The ISS currently has six crew members: Americans Koch, Meir, and Andrew Morgan; Russians Alexander Skvotsov and Oleg Skripochka, and Italian Luca Parmitano. Spacewalks last several hours and are frequently needed to perform maintenance on the complex, the first part of which was launched into space by Russia in 1998.Wed, 16 Oct 2019 08:00:00 +0000editorial@africanews.com president says he'll not resign President Jovenel Moïse remains defiant. Moïse broke his silence on Tuesday, saying he will be irresponsible if he bows to pressure from protesters to resign. “I’m not responsible for the acts today. Should I just give a letter of resignation to leave the country today, and the system remains the same?”, he queried. The Haitian president said he was open to negotiations for a peaceful resolution. “What I want to say to the Haitian people today is that the political crisis, social, and economic crisis (is that there’s) only one way to resolve the problems. We can resolve them when we decide to put our heads together.The people who put me in power did it according to the Haitian constitution. The Constitution says when I must end my term as president. The power is the people for the people watching and listening to me now”, Moïse added. Opposition leaders have rejected his bid for dialogue. At least 20 people have died and over 200 injured in the protests. APWed, 16 Oct 2019 07:50:26 +0000editorial@africanews.com gives Uganda police 2 days to combat urban crime’s president Yoweri Museveni on Tuesday issued an ultimatum to the country’s security agencies, directing the police to share a plan for combating urban crime in two days. The president, who was reacting to an increase in reported cases of burglary and robberies described the perpetrators as ‘pigs attacking people with pangas (machetes) and mitayimbwa (steel-bars). ‘‘I have given 2 days to Commander Sabiiti of the Police to come out with a plan to combat these gangs. I will look at that plan, comment on it and it will, then, be communicated to all of you,’‘ Museveni said in a statement shared on his official Twitter account. ‘‘It is easy to defeat these gangs. Their crimes will only add to the credit of the NRM because we are going to defeat them,’‘ he added. Local newspaper Daily Monitor said police reports indicate increasing incidents where groups of four to seven men, armed with machetes have been breaking into homes and making off with home appliances, money and vehicles. Museveni’s government, which for a long time prided itself on securing Ugandans, has in recent years, struggled to deal with an upsurge in urban crime. Several kidnappings, robberies, murders and assassinations of high profile profiles have remained unsolved despite several security interventions by the president himself. READ MORE: Museveni fires police officers, asks Ugandan courts to execute murderersWed, 16 Oct 2019 07:00:00 (Daniel Mumbere) ongoing in Mozambique amidst ballot-stuffing allegations took to the polls on Tuesday taking part in presidential, provincial and legislative elections, pitting the two main parties, Frelimo and Renamo against each other. In this article, we highlight the election issues, presidential candidates, electoral guidelines and the process from voting to announcement of official results. Vote counting underway Polls close President, opposition leaders vote Polls open Will peace deal hold? Presidential candidates Election issues Electoral guidelines Vote counting, ballot-stuffing allegations Allegations of ballot-stuffing have persisted in Mozambique despite Tuesday’s dismissal of the same by the country’s electoral commission as ‘completely untrue’. The Electoral Administration Technical Secretariat (STAE) refuted reports by opposition parties that an unauthorised private company brought ballot boxes and voting material into Mozambique, with the intention of undermining the election. STAE says all voting material was produced by the companies Academica and Uniprint, which won the tender. It’s director Felisberto Naife added that a through investigation of these allegations would be conducted, including a process of evaluating authenticity of extra ballot papers. On social media, several observers and voters shared pictures and videos showing the ongoing process of counting and tallying votes. Ballot counting is ongoing in the Mozambican general elections? Balsu skaitīšana Mozambikas vispārējās vēlēšanās #MozambiqueElections #eleições2019 #ilovemyjob— Linda Mazure ?️ (Vinotava) (@Vinotava) October 15, 2019 #MozambiqueElections Sample from a polling station in Beira Number of voters 158 Number of ballots in the box 252— Zenaida Machado (@zenaidamz) October 15, 2019 Polls close At 6pm local time (1600 GMT), polls closed as stipulated by the law. Mozambicans will hope that authorities can announce the outcome as soon as possible. The law allows for 15 days for results to be announced. Fragile peace President Filipe Nyusi praised Mozambicans for deciding their destiny in elections and called for peace and calm to continue. “Mozambique has chosen peace,” he said after casting his ballot at a school in the capital Maputo. Outside of Mozambique’s remote north, the main security risk would come from a disgruntled opposition. “If [the vote] is manipulated, we will never accept it,” Renamo presidential candidate and party leader Ossufo Momade said after casting his ballot in Nampula, in the north. “We have to do whatever we can do, if the people want us to,” he said, without elaborating on the warning. Momade is seen by analysts as less likely to turn to violence than his predecessor, but also as less able to maintain control of the party and supporters. Both opposition parties, Renamo and younger challenger the MDM, have already made allegations of vote rigging. The run-up to the vote was marked by sporadic violence, including the killing of an election observer and attacks from a breakaway group of Renamo fighters that killed one person. Polls open On Tuesday, 20,000 polling stations welcomed Mozambicans to cast their votes. Throughout the day, nearly 13 million registered voters were expected to select a President of the republic, 250 deputies, ten governors and members of provincial assemblies. We are looking forward to a successful outcome as the good people of Mozambique visit the polling stations across the country today to perform this important civic duty. GEJ— Goodluck E. Jonathan (@GEJonathan) October 15, 2019 Will election make or break peace deal? President Filipe Nyusi is widely expected to win a second term, while the main opposition party, Renamo hopes to win more political power,following a peace deal signed between the two civil war rivals in August. Under the deal, provincial governors will now be picked by the main party in each province, rather than the government in Maputo, and Renamo is banking on traditional provincial strongholds such as Sofala to gain influence. “The biggest threat to the peace process is if Renamo does not deliver a good number of provinces,” said Alex Vines, head of the Africa programme at Chatham House. Frelimo has dominated the politics since the southern African country’s independence from Portugal in 1975. Presidential Candidates President Felipe Nyusi is the incumbent, having succeeded his mentor Armando Guebuza as head of Mozambique in 2014. The country’s first president from the Southern region, Nyusi is struggling to contain an Islamist insurgency in his home region. Ossufo Momade, took over the reigns of the National Resistance of Mozambique (Renamo) last year, when its historic leader, Afonso Dhlakama died suddenly. He signed the peace deal with government to end the decades-old conflict, but is yet to win the full support of the movement’s armed wing. David Simango, who seceded from Renamo in 2009, is contesting the presidency for the third time. Since 2003, Simango has been mayor of the Mozambican city of Beira, ravaged by Cyclone Idai six months ago. Mario Albinois the outsider of the presidential election, leading the United Movement for Integral Salvation (AMUSI), which was created by former members of Simango’s party. READ MORE: Meet Mozambique’s four Presidential candidates for the Tuesday election Election issues President Nyusi has pledged to develop the country’s gas reserves, and consequently tackle the extreme poverty that is fuelling an Islamist insurgency in regions like Cabo Delgado. Mozambique is set to become a top global gas exporter, and expects investments worth $50, more than four times its current GDP. Nyusi’s government has taken a hit in reputation by the relentless attacks on villages in the gas-rich region, a Frelimo stronghold. Attacks have increased in the run-up to the vote, making campaigning impossible in some districts, said Human Rights Watch researcher Zenaida Machado. While a peace deal was signed in August to end decades of hostilities, a breakaway faction of Renamo fighters that disputes some aspects of the accord has been staging attacks in the group’s traditional central strongholds, demanding that party leader Ossufo Momade resign and the election be postponed. Senior Frelimo politicians and associates, including a former finance minister and the ex-president’s son have been charged in a $2 billion debt scandal that has tarnished the party’s image. The discovery of previously undisclosed loans, all guaranteed by the government, prompted the International Monetary Fund and foreign donors to cut off support, triggering a currency collapse and a sovereign debt default. READ MORE: Mozambique charges 20 in connection with $2 billion hidden debt scandal Six months after two cyclones ravaged the country, killing hundreds and wreaking destruction across central and northern regions, the effects are still being felt, in the lead up to the election. Researchers say affected Mozambicans lost their voter cards or identity documents needed to cast ballots, during the storms. Opposition parties have also accused the government of not doing enough to assist affected people High-stakes election Renamo fought Frelimo for 16 years from 1977 to 1992 in a Cold War conflict that killed about one million people. It ended in a truce but sporadic violence has flared in the years since,including after Renamo challenged election results in 2014. The problem for Renamo in places such as Beira, the capital of Sofala province, is that Frelimo, as well as the smaller Mozambique Democratic Movement (MDM), are muscling in on its traditional turf. Nyusi’s credibility has been knocked by the insurgency and a graft scandal that sank the economy, but Frelimo holds numerous districts in Sofala following local elections last year, and dozens of people told Reuters the ruling party had their vote. Frelimo spokesman Caifadine Manasse said it had consolidated the rule of law and tackled graft. Chatham House’s Vines said if Renamo wins three or four of Mozambique’s 10 provinces in next week’s vote, that should be sufficient to placate its supporters. But any fewer and a recent bout of party infighting over the peace deal could worsen. Renamo’s leadership could lose control of sections of the party, threatening commitment to the agreement or even a return to targeted violence, he said. Renamo spokeswoman Maria Ivone Soares said the party was convinced it would win in Sofala and other provinces. “The results are unlikely to be disappointing because of the … corruption, unemployment, inequality and misery that have been promoted in this country since national independence.” Electoral system The president is elected using the two-round system, and must win an absolute majority to avoid a run-off or second round. The 250 members of the Assembly are elected by proportional representation, where the party with the most votes appoints the leaders in each region. Mozambicans in the diaspora (Africa and Europe) are also represented. Polls open at 7am local time (0500 GMT) and close at 6 p.m. (1600 GMT). The law allows 15 days for results to be announced.Wed, 16 Oct 2019 06:10:00 (Daniel Mumbere) Coast’s Guillaume Soro to run for 2020 Presidential race Coast’s youngest opposition figure, Guillaume Soro on Saturday, officially declared his intention to run for the country’s 2020 Presidential race. The former rebel and former prime minister made the announcement during a meeting with some of his supporters in Valencia, Spain. “There are pro-Soro parties that have chosen me as a candidate, so yes, I will be a candidate,” he asid. Reports say he is the first major politician to state his intention. While other opposition challengers are yet to officially announced their candidacy, Soro set the ball rolling. Guillaume Soro’s statement comes after President Ouattara floated the idea of possibly running for a third term in 2020. Soro has been touring Europe and meeting Ivorians in the diaspora in recent months to mobilize support. Soro launched a political movement earlier this year, after wrangling with the government, which triggered his resi gnation as President of the National Assembly.Wed, 16 Oct 2019 05:00:00 +0000editorial@africanews.com of the day, October 15, 2019 samples the best pictures of the day’s news.Tue, 15 Oct 2019 19:18:10 +0000editorial@africanews.com launches boat service in Nigeria's megacity, Lagos ride-hailing firm Uber Technologies Inc on Friday launched a pilot test of a boat service in Nigeria’s commercial capital Lagos to attract commuters seeking to avoid the megacity’s notoriously congested roads. The United Nations predicts that Nigeria’s population will more than double to 400 million by 2050, which would make it the third most populous country in the world after China and India. The combination of population growth and congestion has made Nigeria, and more broadly West Africa, attractive to foreign transport companies. Uber’s chief business officer told Reuters in June the company planned to launch the service to carry travelers in the Lagos megacity of around 20 million people that is built on a lagoon. The waterway service, UberBOAT, is operated in partnership with local boat operator Texas Connection Ferries and the Lagos State Waterways Authority (LASWA), said the ride-hailing firm. “This initiative is aimed at providing commuters with an easy and affordable way to get in and out of the city’s business districts,” Uber said in a statement. The pilot phase will operate on weekdays from 0700 GMT to 1600 GMT on a fixed route between two locations in the city. Water safety Passengers will be charged a flat fare of 500 naira ($1.39) per trip, compared with about 300 naira by minibus for a similar journey in the commercial hub of the West African country where most people live on less than $2 a day. At a press conference on Friday, Uber officials said there would be four trips a day, carrying up to 35 people on a boat, during the two-week pilot. Babajide Sanwo-Olu, the governor of Lagos state, said the Uber boat service, and the use of waterways in general, were part of a raft of initiatives aimed at easing congestion that include a program of road repairs. Slideshow (3 Images) “We want ferries that carry 60 to 80 people,” he said, referring to his hopes for the future use of waterways, on Thursday at a forum with businesses. Uber’s boat initiative follows a number of motorcycle ride-hailing firms that have targeted West Africa as an area for expansion in the last few months. Technology giant Google also launched a new feature in July that allows Nigerians to hear travel advice in a local voice on Google Maps. Another feature allows users in Lagos to seek directions from “informal transit” services, such as private minibuses.Tue, 15 Oct 2019 18:14:19 +0000editorial@africanews.com Zuma corruption trial delayed faces 16 charges of corruption, fraud, money laundering and racketeering related to a 1999 arms deal. At the time, he worked as President Thabo Mbeki’s deputy. Watch our reportTue, 15 Oct 2019 14:45:00 +0000editorial@africanews.com's fashion and make up fiesta [Inspire Africa] this episode, we start off in the republic of Congo where a showcase of some of the best of African fashion has taken place. Plus, what does it mean when you hear of the digitalization of agriculture, Ghanaian author Dr Benjamin Addom shares with us some insights.Tue, 15 Oct 2019 09:28:00 (Jerry Bambi)'s President Filipe Nyusi cast ballot ‘s Flilpe Nyusi cast his ballot on Tuesday in Maputu as polls opened at 5:00 GMT. Although some analyst fear the tense election may test the fragile peace in the country, President Filipe Nyusi, is confident the country will pull through. He called on voters to show the world that Mozambique stands for democracy and tolerance. “One of the paths Mozambique decided to take is peace. Peace means non-violence, and this must be the culture of the Mozambican people for life”, he said. ‘‘Good luck to all Mozambique, good luck to all Mozambicans and may the process go on well and may the best man win’‘, he added. President Filipe Nyusi ruling Frelimo party, which has been in power for 44 years, is widely expected to beat arch-rivals Renamo, a former rebel group turned main opposition party. After a heated campaign marked by violence of electoral fraud, many fear tensions could exacerbate. About 13 million of Mozambique’s 30 million citizens are registered to vote at more than 20,000 polling stations in the country.Tue, 15 Oct 2019 09:26:19 +0000editorial@africanews.com votes in tense election for Mozambique general election opens on Tuesday at 5 GMT. Some 13 million Mozambicans are expected to select a President of the republic, 250 deputies, ten governors and members of provincial assemblies. Early on Tuesday, the some of the country’s 20,000 polling stations welcomed their first batch of voters. Many fear the election could test the country’s fragile peace, after a heated campaign marred by violence. The situation escalated last week, when the head of a local election observation mission was shot dead by members of a special police in Gaza. Reports say, President Filipe Nyusi, is tipped as the favorite of the presidential race . However, his government is plagued by crisis. His Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo), in power since independence, plunged the country into a serious financial crisis after a $2 billion “hidden debt” was revealed in 2016.Tue, 15 Oct 2019 09:24:01 +0000editorial@africanews.com dead in Guinea protests over Conde's 3rd term plan [Morning Call] least five people have been killed in Guinea during demonstrations called to oppose a possible change to the constitution that could allow President Alpha Conde to run for a third term.Tue, 15 Oct 2019 08:35:39 (Jerry Bambi) challenge ahead for Tunisia's incoming leader [Morning Call], it is official, independent law professor and political outsider Kais Saied has won Tunisia’s presidential election. Professor Saied won with 72.71 percent of votes. According to the country’s electoral commission, Saied secured 2.7 million votes against one million received by his opponent, Nabil Karoui. Karoui, a media mogul who was in jail for most of the campaign has now conceded defeat. So, what lays ahead for the incoming leader Kais Saied?Tue, 15 Oct 2019 08:33:28 (Jerry Bambi)'s First Lady warns against spread of Fake News’s First Lady, Aisha Buhari on Saturday dismissed rumours circulating online that her husband plans to take on a second wife, cautioning against the rise of fake news in the country. Aisha, who had been on holiday in the United Kingdom for two months, returned to the country, at a time when a video was circulating on social media, purportedly showing that she had been denied access to the presidential residence. While she confirmed the authenticity of the video, which showed her complaining about huge deployments of security, and asking unidentified people to leave the palace, she clarified that it was an old video. Aisha dismissed rumours that president Muhammadu Buhari intended to marry fellow politician Sadiya Farouq, who was recently appointed Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management, and Social Development. Her spokesperson later issued a statement saying the First Lady was happy to be aback in the country after a ‘deserved rest’. ‘‘She confirmed that she was fully rejuvenated to continue the work of improving the health and well-being of women, children and other vulnerable Nigerians,’‘ Suleiman Haruna said. Ruling party officials also added to Buhari’s voice, warning against the negative impact of fake news. ‘‘I wholeheartedly welcome our dear First Lady back to the country. Her elegant return has put full stop to fake news which dominated our public domain,’‘ a publicity secretary of the APC Kate Ofor told local journalists. ‘‘I think we have to not only find legitimate means to curb fake news, but also come to terms that social media have no gatekeeper. Therefore, we must cultivate the culture of sieving the genuine from fake news.’‘ Buhari herself had cautioned that the courge of Fake News ‘could lead us to something unimaginable’. The president himself has repeatedly warned against the rise of fake news and hate speech in Nigerian discourse. READ MORE: Buhari warns against hate speechTue, 15 Oct 2019 07:00:00 (Daniel Mumbere) moves to Tanzania's new capital Dodoma’s president John Magufuli has fulfilled his pledge to have the entire government relocate to the country’s new capital of Dodoma by the end of 2019. Dodoma, which was elevated to city status last year, was designated as the capital city by the country’s founding president, Mwalimu Julius Nyerere in 1973. Its central location, compared to the coastal Dar es Salaam is considered ideal for bringing government services closer to the people. Magufuli, who last week shifted his voting address to Dodoma, told journalists he had finally shifted his presidential base from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma. “I was in Kitavi region, but I decided to come to my home city, Dodoma, to register my name because this is now my official address,” Magufuli said. The president also urged Tanzanians to register to vote in the forthcoming November 14 civic elections. Following the 2017 move to Dodoma by the country’s prime minister, Kassim Majaliwa, followed by several ministries and the vice president Samia Suluhu Hassan, the entire Tanzanian government is now installed in the new capital. ALSO READ: Burundi to move political capital to GitegaTue, 15 Oct 2019 05:00:00 (Daniel Mumbere) third term for Conde: Guinea police fatally clash with protesters least four people were killed on Monday as Guinean security forces clashed with citizens protesting against the possibility of president Alpha Conde seeking an unconstitutional third term. Last month, 81-year-old Conde called on the public to prepare for a referendum and elections, stirring speculation that he is planning to overcome a constitutional bar on serving a third term. The next presidential ballot is due to be held late next year. An alliance of unions, opposition parties and civil society groups called the National Front for the Defence of the Constitution (FNDC) has called for massive protests aginst the project. Deadly clashes Authorities said a gendarme was killed during Monday’s clashes while relatives and a doctor confirmed the deaths of four protesters. Pockets of violence erupted around the outer districts of Conakry, with some demonstrators setting up barricades, burning tires and throwing stones. Hundreds of police and gendarmes responded with tear gas, stun grenades and real bullets, an AFP reporter saw. The government confirmed only that a gendarme had been shot dead in the town of Mamou, east of the capital, adding that a resident in the city had been killed in unclear circumstances. Tely Oury Bah, the father of one of the protesters, said his son Mamadou Lamarana Bah had been “coldly shot by a police officer”. “I cannot even go to see the body at the hospital mortuary because there is no way through, the roads are blocked”, he said. Earlier a local doctor said a 16-year-old boy had been killed and several others injured in the suburb of Sonfonia Gare. The centre of the city, which hosts government offices and embassies, was under lockdown and almost deserted. Opposition leaders call for more protests Police on Monday surrounded the house of the opposition leader Cellou Dalein Diallo and Sidya Toure, who heads the opposition Union of Republican Forces (UFR). “I ask Guineans to continue to protest and to block the way until the power understands that you cannot impose a dictatorship on us by force,” Toure told AFP by phone. ALSO READ: Russian envoy advises Guineans to allow Conde to run for third term Residents and reporters in several other cities in the country reported disruption, with schools sending pupils home. Interior Minister Bourema Conde said the protests were marked by acts “that threatened the lives of our citizens”. Several people were arrested and “the security forces are in control of the situation and calm reigns in the majority of the country”, he said in a statement. The opposition have accused Conde, who in 2010 became the West African state’s first democratically-elected president, of cracking down on dissent. They say about 100 people have been killed since 2010 when Conde took office. He won re-election five years later. AFPTue, 15 Oct 2019 04:00:00 +0000editorial@africanews.com of the day, October 14, 2019 samples the best pictures of the day’s news.Mon, 14 Oct 2019 19:44:17 +0000editorial@africanews.com's Kais Saied elected president (official)’s electoral commission on Monday confirmed the election of Kais Saied, saying he had polled 72.71%. Saied’s opponent Nabil Karoui had earlier conceded defeat and the electoral commission in its televised statement said turnout was 55% of the vote.Mon, 14 Oct 2019 16:36:53 +0000editorial@africanews.com dismiss dangers of consuming bat meat consumption is still a vibrant culture among Congolese despite numerous warnings by health practitioners against the practice. Several homes do serve bats, also locally known as “ngembo” in lingala language, as part of their meals. The process of preparing a bat is not hectic as elaborated by one of the consumers. “We start by cutting its wings after burning the hair in the fire. It is then cleaned with warm water, then cut into 2 and everything is put into the pot in which we add a little salt, oil and other ingredients, “ Emilienne Mangongo told Africanews correspondent Rosie Pioth in Brazzaville. After one hour of cooking, someone has to taste just to be sure if it’s delicious enough to be served. It is then served with cooked cassava. To get bat meat, one has to go to the market. On the shelves, prices vary between $1 to $2.5. Several health practitioners have warned against dangers of consuming bat meat. They have consistently claimed that bats can act as hosts to Ebola virus. “Today, we can say that a bat is a frugivore. A bat can keep a certain number of viruses, today the most dangerous virus is the Ebola. So bat’s meat can contain this virus and therefore transmit it to human,’‘ explained Josaphat Depaget, a nutritionist in Brazzaville. ‘‘You have a very delicious meat, which is very good but by consuming it, you have the risks of being contaminated with the Ebola virus. Therefore, it is not good for consumption.” Cheap and highly appreciated for its meat, the debate on the consumption of bat meat is still raging in Congo. Those who defend it see it as a source of nutrition, while others see it as a contaminant.Mon, 14 Oct 2019 15:11:56 (Michael Oduor) Brigid Kosgei breaks women's marathon record set 16 years ago Brigid Kosgei broke Paula Radcliffe’s 16-year-old women’s marathon world record when she ran two hours, 14 minutes, four seconds at the Chicago Marathon on Sunday (October 13). Kosgei set a blistering pace from the start to shatter the previous record of 2:15:25 which Briton Radcliffe set in London in April 2003. Radcliffe was on hand to witness the fall of her record. Kosgei’s run came little more than 24 hours after fellow Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge became the first man to run 26.2 miles in less than two hours, clocking 1:59:41 in Vienna. Unlike Kipchoge’s performance, however, Kosgei’s mark was set in an official race on a record-eligible course.Mon, 14 Oct 2019 11:34:52 +0000editorial@africanews.com gymnast Simone Biles breaks world record Simone Biles became the most decorated gymnast in world championship history on Sunday (October 13) when she won the beam and floor finals to take her career tally to 25 medals. Soon after securing a convincing victory on the beam in Stuttgart to overtake Belarusian Vitaly Scherbo’s record tally of 23 world medals, the 22-year-old Biles successfully defended her floor title to win medal number 25. The four-time Olympic champion is now the owner of 19 gold medals across four championships against 12 for Scherbo, who competed in five world events between 1991 and 1996. Making her final appearance of the week in front of a raucous crowd, Biles wasted no time as she landed a superb triple-twisting double back flip — known as the Biles II – on her first pass. Biles’s double layout with a half turn — another skill named after her — put her out of bounds for a 0.1 penalty but she did enough to post a winning score of 15.133. The Americans took a one-two finish as Sunisa Lee finished with 14.133 for the silver medal, while Russian Angelina Melnikova came third. Earlier, Biles delivered a polished routine on the beam before a full twisting double tuck dismount for an impressive 15.066. Last year’s winner Liu Tingting of China took silver with 14.433, while team mate Li Shijia won the bronze. Biles finished her campaign in Stuttgart with five gold medals from six events to mark ideal preparations for next year’s Tokyo Olympics. Her barnstorming run included a record fifth all-around gold as well as helping the U.S. to a fifth straight world team title. Nikita Nagornyy won the men’s individual vault final for his third gold medal at the world gymnastics championships in Stuttgart, while team mate Artur Dalaloyan ensured a one-two Russian finish. Nagornyy scored a total of 14.966 from his two vaults— beating Dalaloyan by a slim margin of 0.033, while Ukraine’s Igor Radivilov took the bronze medal. The Russian men have enjoyed a memorable week in Stuttgart, winning their first-ever team gold on Wednesday, before Nagornyy collected the all-around title two days later. Britain’s Joe Fraser won gold in the men’s parallel bars, scoring 15.000 to clinch his maiden world title. Turkey’s Onder Ahmet took the silver with Kaya Kazuma of Japan securing the bronze medal. In the men’s horizontal bar final, Arthur Mariano of Brazil clinched his first world title, scoring 14.900. The silver medal went to Tin Srbic of Croatia with Russia’s Artur Dalaloyan taking the bronze.Mon, 14 Oct 2019 11:29:19 +0000editorial@africanews.com protest against proposed energy law [Morning Call] of Algerians protested in front of parliament on Sunday against a proposed energy law that they say the caretaker government has no right to pass. The new law is aimed at attracting foreign investors to help Algeria strengthen its energy output, but would maintain a 49% limit on foreign ownership if passed into law by parliament. So why is there a row over the law? We’ll discuss this in a moment but first let’s take a look at the protests and the clash with riot police yesterday.Mon, 14 Oct 2019 08:09:18 (Jerry Bambi) Saied to be Tunisia's next president [Morning Call], nearly 7 million voters were called to the polls for the second round of the presidential election in Tunisia on Sunday. And at the end, the polls had recorded over 50% participation, a slight increase from the previous first round that presented a surprise with political outsiders, retired academic Kais Saied and media mogul Nabil Karoui emerging. Kais Saied, an independent law professor is however now tipped by exit polls to win. Polls carried in Tunisian media on Sunday projected that Saied would win between 72 and 77 percent of the vote. Just to be clear. So how did voting go yesterday?Mon, 14 Oct 2019 08:07:21 (Jerry Bambi)'s Kais Saied wins presidential election runoff- State media’s Kais Saied won the presidential election with 76.9% of votes, according to state television. Kais Saied, 61, got more than 50 percent ahead of Nabil Karoui, a media mogul who was prosecuted for tax evasion. He had 23.11% of votes. The announcement elicited tears of joy from supporters of Saied in the streets of Tunis. But official results will only be available from Monday. The independent candidate thanked “the young people who opened a new page of history”, in front of his supporters in a hotel in central Tunis shortly after the announcement of his victory on Sunday. AFPSun, 13 Oct 2019 21:35:52 +0000editorial@africanews.com clash with riot police during protest over hydrocarbon bill protesters clashed with riot police during an anti-government protest in Algiers Sunday. More than a thousand Algerians are denouncing a draft energy law. The law is expected to be examined by the Algerian cabinet ahead of its adoption. The law is aimed at attracting foreign investors to assist the North African nation to strengthen its energy output. It will however maintain a 49 percent foreign ownership if passed into law by parliament. ‘‘They sold (fabricated the law) the hydrocarbons law in the military barracks, so let the Algerian people know that they are the products of our country and the future generations, from our children and grandchildren, they are gambling with Algeria and its goods”, a merchant Suleiman said. For Mehdi, “the hydrocarbons law introduced in this period is considered to be one of the reasons why they have committed to the Algerian state, and therefore to the Algerian people by the gang of parliament and the gang of government.” Algeria produces 1.2 million barrels of oil per day and hydrocarbons account for more than 95% of its external revenues and contribute 60% to state budget. AFPSun, 13 Oct 2019 20:29:49 +0000editorial@africanews.com poll expected in Tunisia's presidential run-off poll Tunisia, polls closed at 17:00 GMT on Sunday in the second round of Presidential election. Preliminary turn out figures suggested that the poll drew more people than the first round held in September or a parliamentary election a week ago. “We are not receiving any reports from our observers that suggest to us that there are great administrative flaws with the process. If anything I would say that the fact that the election commission has conducted now three elections in a row, in a very short time period, suggest to me that the election workers are getting fairly well practiced in the administering the process. But, as I say, there is this interesting overlay that is a cause for concern, that is the fact that there are questions about whether the playing field provided an opportunity for each of the two contestants to compete on equal footing”, said Scott Mastic, VP for programs at International Republican Institute. As at 14:30 GMT on Sunday, the electoral commission pegged turn out at 39.2 percent. The first round had a turn out of 27.8 percent. The run-off pitted Kais Saied, an independent retired law professor against Nabil Karoui, a media mogul facing graft allegations. A local radio station, Mosaique FM was reported by Reuters as citing an exit poll by the polling company Emrod, as giving Kais Saied 72.53 percent of votes. ReutersSun, 13 Oct 2019 19:51:49 +0000editorial@africanews.com, MINUSMA rally held in Bamako, Mali 1,000 protesters demonstrated against foreign troops in Bamako, Mali on Saturday. These demonstrators are against the influence of France and the UN peacekeeping force known as MINUSMA in Sevare, near the central city of Mopti. Professor Clément Dembele is the President of the platform against corruption and unemployment. “We have gathered here to ask for the establishment of a Franco-Russian partnership because we see that two thirds of Malians live in insecurity and risk disappearing, it’s very existence is at risk”, he said. The UN and witnesses claim the protesters ransacked a dozen UN supply containers . They were accused of looting electrical equipment, air-conditioners and mattresses. As at the time of filing this report, it was unclear if AFP contacted protesters for a reaction. The fragile Sahel country hosts the French military mission in the Sahel and UN peacekeeping force as well as contingents from a five-nation anti-jihadist group. Northern Mali fell into the hands of jihadists in 2012 before the militants were forced out by the French-led military intervention. Much of the region is still unstable and jihadist-led violence has spread to the centre of the country. Thus often igniting ethnic tensions. AFPSun, 13 Oct 2019 18:03:42 +0000editorial@africanews.com begins talks with major oil firms over oil revenue dispute Nigerian government and international oil companies are trying to find a common ground on a dispute over oil revenues. Citing a 2018 Supreme Court decision, the government says it is entitled to $62 billion from companies after they failed to comply with a 1993 law that gives the state a larger share of revenues when oil exceeds $20 a barrel. The companies have questioned this. “We have opened a process of engagement between the parties,” Justice Minister Abubakar Malami said at his Abuja office late Saturday.The government hopes to see whether this will lead to opening up a full-blown negotiation process. Under the production sharing legislation, companies agreed to finance the development of deepwater oil fields on the assumption that they would share the benefits with the government after recovering their costs. Crude oil was selling at $9.50 a barrel when the law came into effect 26 years ago, and is now trading above $60 in London. President Muhammadu Buhari is trying to bolster government funds after crude output and prices fell. The country with the highest GDP on the continent depends on oil for at least two thirds of its revenue and more than 90% of foreign-currency income.Sun, 13 Oct 2019 17:23:36 +0000editorial@africanews.com wins West African Football Union tournament big win for Guinea as its side A thrashed Cape Verde 4-3 on penalties to win the first ever consolation Plate competition in the West African Football Union tournament in Thies, Senegal. Both sides had drawn 0-0 following 90 minutes and extra-time in a disappointing final on Saturday. Cape Verde can afford to count themselves fortunate when they had a seemingly good goal by Osvaldo Martins ruled out for offside. The ball fell into Martin’s path via a Guinea defender and should have stood. Team Cape Verde also had the best of the chances. But the team missed two of their penalties in the shootout with Guinea’s Morlaye Sylla keeping calm to convert the vital kick. APSun, 13 Oct 2019 16:42:07 +0000editorial@africanews.com migrants in Mexico brave odds to reach the States migrant caravan made of mainly African migrants took off in Southern Mexico Saturday, hoping to reach the United States. The group including children, proceeded on foot about 30 km from the southern state of Chiapas near Gautemala before being apprehended. “I’m not afraid. I need to go on. I don’t know what’s ahead of me but I’m not scared. (Reporter: What’s your dream?) To get to the United States or Canada. (Reporter: To work?) To work, to help my family, help my country”, Albalin Biwa, a Haitian migrant said. According to Reuters witnesses, Mexico’s military police stopped and turned back a caravan of about 2,000 migrants from Africa, the Caribbean and Central America on Saturday, hours after journeying towards the U.S. The scene Reuters said was reminiscent of a mass migration which drew wide media attention, triggering a crisis in 2018. Meanwhile, two migrants drowned off the coast of Mexico on Friday after the small boat they were travelling on sank. Officials say, all migrants on board were from Cameroon but did not confirm the number on board. They had reportedly sought to reach Mexico for onland passage to the States. Survivors were taken to a local hospital for treatment. ReutersSun, 13 Oct 2019 15:58:39 +0000editorial@africanews.com to hold talks with Ethiopia over dam on River Nile’s President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi said that he will be meeting with Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed in Moscow to continue discussions on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) threatening Egypt’s water supply reports Ahram “The leaders of Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan met in March 2015 and agreed on some principals regarding the filling and running of the dam in a way that does no harm to Egypt,” the president is quoted as saying. President El-Sisi said that the state has developed an inclusive plan since 2014 to solve Egypt’s water problem, and billions have been spent on water recycling and desalination plants. According to AAWSAT Egypt says filling the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam’s giant reservoir will severely diminish its portion of waters downstream, and has called for international mediation to help reach a “fair and balanced” agreement.Sun, 13 Oct 2019 14:06:06 +0000editorial@africanews.com Ebola vaccine to be used in DR Congo next month will use a second Ebola vaccine from November in three eastern provinces in the Democratic Republic of Congo to fight the deadly virus, medical officials said Sunday. “It’s time to use the new Ad26-ZEBOV-GP vaccine, manufactured by Johnson & Johnson’s Belgian subsidiary,” said Dr. Jean-Jacques Muyembe, who leads the national anti-Ebola operation in the DRC. It will arrive in the eastern city of Goma, in North Kivu province, on October 18 and be used from the beginning of next month, he added. DRC’s latest Ebola epidemic, which began in August 2018, has killed 2,144 people, making it the second deadliest outbreak of the virus, after the West Africa pandemic of 2014-2016. Vaccinations target Muyembe said the communes of Majingo and Kahembe had been selected to receive the vaccine as they were considered the epicentres of the epidemic. “We will extend this vaccination to our small traders who often go to Rwanda to protect our neighbours,” he added. “If it works well, we will expand vaccination in South Kivu and Ituri.” DR Congo’s eastern provinces of Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu sit on the borders with Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. The Belgian laboratory will send a batch of 200,000 doses to neighbouring Rwanda and 500,000 doses in the DRC, Muyembe said. More than 237,000 people living in active Ebola transmission zones have received a vaccination produced by the pharma giant Merck since August 8, 2018. The J&J vaccine had been rejected by DRC’s former health minister Oly Ilunga, who cited the risks of introducing a new product in communities where mistrust of Ebola responders is already high. But Ilunga’s resignation in July appears to have paved the way for approval of the second vaccine. He currently faces charges that he embezzled funds intended for the fight against Ebola. In his letter of resignation Ilunga said “actors who have demonstrated a lack of ethics” want to introduce a second vaccine, but did not elaborate. Muyembe, who took over the Ebola fight in the DRC in July, said “The Johnson & Johnson vaccine has the most science-based data.”Sun, 13 Oct 2019 12:08:42 +0000editorial@africanews.com‘The best moment in my life’- Eliud Kipchoge, Marathon record holder“That was the best moment in my life. When I had 500 meters to go and the time was actually to make history. You know, pressure it was actually very picking in my shoulders, in fact yesterday, I had a lot of pressure. I have received a lot of phone calls, a phone call for the president of Kenya, his deputy is here. I received phone calls for all over the world and all the messages from those great men, and you know, when you receive a lot of calls from high-profile people, on the other hand it is pressure,” said Eliud Kipchoge, first under two-hour marathon runner. Eliud Kipchoge admitted that becoming the first two-hour marathon runner in history ‘was the best moment in my life’ during a press conference in Vienna. The Olympic champion and world record holder from Kenya clocked 1 hour, 59 minutes and 40.2 seconds at the INEOS 1:59 Challenge on Saturday, an event set up for the attempt. Eliud further said, “For the first kilometers I was really comfortable. I have been training for it for the last four and a half months. (Inaudible) I have being putting in my heart, and my mind that I will run under two hours in marathon to make history and past a positive thought, a message to the whole world that not human is limited. “Sun, 13 Oct 2019 10:44:44 +0000editorial@africanews.com government denies report of re-introduction of anti-gay bill government of Ugandan has denied reports that there are plans to re-introduce the anti-gay bill to parliament after a court ruling prohibiting it. According to the report by The Observer The bill was first introduced in 2009 drawing worldwide condemnation for gay rights activists because of the tough penalties including death for aggravated homosexuality, defilement and knowingly spreading HIV/Aids. Uganda’s constitutional court banned the law based on the fact that it was passed in parliament without a quorum. STOP PRESS LGBT Bill: Government hereby clarifies that it does not intend to introduce any new law with regards to the regulation of #LGBT activities in Uganda because the current provisions in the #PenalCode are sufficient. UgandaMediaCent</a> <a href="">lindahNabusayi ubctvuganda</a> <a href="">nbstv— Ofwono Opondo P'Odel (@OfwonoOpondo) October 12, 2019 Following local and international media reports, and threats by donors of aid to Uganda including the United States and the European Union said on Friday they were closely examining a plan by the east African nation to introduce the death penalty for gay sex, it is unlikely the East African nation will be re-introducing the bill. A Ugandan minister told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on Thursday that introducing a bill to bring back a previous law colloquially known as “Kill the Gays” in Uganda would “curb a rise in unnatural sex” in the east African nation.Sun, 13 Oct 2019 10:19:47 +0000editorial@africanews.com Nothing naughty, a bold statement for breast cancer awareness might be some pictures of naughty breasts cropping up on your time line, some for the the wrong reasons but what the world is trying to talk about this month is the advent of breast cancer. The hashtag blazing on social media #NoBraDay is just for that purpose, don’t get it confused. At least 2.1 million women are diagnosed with breast cancer annually of which an estimated 627,000 die from it,and that is approximately 15% of all cancer deaths among women according to the World Health Organization The risks of getting cancer Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the breast. Cancer starts when cells begin to grow out of control. The most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A painless, hard mass that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancer, but breast cancers can be tender, soft, or round. Other possible symptoms of breast cancer include: swelling of all or part of a breast, skin dimpling,breast or nipple pain,nipple retraction (turning inward), nipple or breast skin that is red, dry, flaking or thickened, nipple discharge (other than breast milk) and swollen lymph nodes reports American Cancer Society Breast cancer risk doubles each decade until menopause, after which the increase slows. However, breast cancer is more common after the menopause. Due improved medical care across the world, the cases of breast cancer diagnosed early are giving an 80 to 90 percent survival rate in most countries according to World Cancer Research Fund How to avoid cancer World Cancer Research Fund lists the following as ways to avoid this disease: – undertaking vigorous physical activity DECREASES the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – being overweight or obese in young adulthood (between the ages of about 18 and 30 years) DECREASES the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – being overweight or obese in adulthood before the menopause DECREASES the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – breastfeeding DECREASES the risk of breast cancer (unspecified) in the mother – consuming alcoholic drinks INCREASES the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – being tall INCREASES the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – greater birthweight INCREASES the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – consuming non-starchy vegetables might decrease the risk of oestrogen-receptor-negative (ER–) breast cancer (unspecified) – consuming foods containing carotenoids might decrease the risk of breast cancer (unspecified) – consuming dairy products might decrease the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – diets high in calcium might decrease the risk of premenopausal breast cancer – being physically active might decrease the risk of premenopausal breast cancer Breast Cancer Vaccine? “Researchers at Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida say a vaccine they have developed could be available within eight years that may not only stop the recurrence of breast and ovarian cancers, but prevent them from developing in the first place,” reads a report by Forbes Lee Mercker, from Florida, US, became the first patient to take part in a Mayo Clinic trial for a new vaccine after being diagnosed in March with early stages of the disease. The vaccinne still on trial has reportedly helped remove cancer cells in the breast cancer of the patient, Lee reports The Sun According to Mayo Clinic treating breast cancer has long involved addressing two problems: the elimination of cancer cells from the tumor and potential disease recurrence.Mayo Clinic researchers recently received a grant of $11 million from the Department of Defense to push the next studies of the vaccine ahead and help address this unmet patient need. Today is #NoBraDay day and not some sort of pornhub break. It’s for breast cancer awareness and not an opportunity to flood the TL with boob threads. RIP to all men and women who lost their lives to breast Cancer. Self breast exam is key.#breastcancerawareness— Adunni Achebe (@Adunni_Achebe) October 13, 2019 We celebrate ? all the ladies dealing with breast cancer. #NoBraDay— UG’z??? OVO ? (@iamabdulbasty) October 13, 2019 Breast cancer being the most common cancer among women worldwide, early detection however remains the cornerstone of its control. All women of reproductive age are therefore encouraged to perform breast self-exams at least once a month.#NoBraDay— Dennis Kiplimo™ ???? (@ItsShark__) October 13, 2019Sun, 13 Oct 2019 09:55:14 +0000editorial@africanews.com honors the scientists that have revolutionised mobile phones“So it’s really a hard job to make a new good battery. Yet, that is exactly what our three laureates have done. They have taken on this challenge and their discoveries have led to the development of the phenomenal, fantastic lithium-ion battery. So what is this all about then? Well, as you can see the name reveals it, this is about lithium, and to the left here you have a small piece of the periodic table and you can see that lithium in the red box has atomic number 3 and it’s a very small element and it’s actually the lightest metal we have,” announced Olof Ramstrong, member of Nobel Committee for Chemistry. Three scientists won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry on Wednesday (October 9) for developing and refining rechargeable lithium-ion batteries which made the global information technology, mobile and fossil-fuel free revolutions possible. “I think the significance is in our everyday applications that we are going to mobile technologies and we are also moving away from fossil fuels with this technology,” said Peter Somfai, a professor of organic chemistry and a member of the Nobel committee for chemistry. American John Goodenough, at 97, became the oldest winner of a Nobel prize and shares the 9 million Swedish crown (906,000 U.S. dollar) award equally with Stanley Whittingham from Britain and Akira Yoshino of Japan, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said. In its citation, the academy’s Nobel committee said lithium-ion batteries had revolutionised our lives since they first entered the market in 1991, laying the “foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind”. Whittingham developed the first functional lithium battery in the early 1970s. Goodenough doubled the battery’s potential in the following decade and Yoshino eliminated pure lithium from the battery, making it much safer to use. Peter Somfai, a professor of organic chemistry and a member of the Nobel committee for chemistry, said it was clear why the three won, and that the technology would be further refined in the future for example by allowing energy to be produced in one place and then used in another. “This battery has had a dramatic impact on our society and it’s very clear that the discoveries of our three laureates really made this possible, so it’s really been to the very best benefit of humankind,” said Olof Ramstrong, member of Nobel Committee for Chemistry. The prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace were created and funded in the will of Swedish dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel and have been awarded since 1901. The Nobel prizes for medicine and physics were awarded earlier this week. The awards for literature, peace and economics will be announced in the next few days.Sun, 13 Oct 2019 09:00:39 +0000editorial@africanews.com Mozambique's four Presidential candidates for the Tuesday election candidates will be on the ballot on Tuesday for the presidential election in Mozambique, including outgoing head of state Filipe Nyusi who is a favorite. Filipe Nyusi Filipe Jacito Nyusi, 60, succeeded his mentor Armando Guebuza as head of Mozambique in 2014. Until then little known to the general public, he became the first head of state not to be from the south of the country – he was born in the province of Cabo Delgado (north) – and the first to have not participated in the independence struggle. The son of veterans of this liberation war, Filipe Nyusi joined the Frelimo (Mozambique Liberation Front) at a very young age. He studied in Brno, Czech Republic, and Manchester, UK, before making a career with the national railway and port company (CFM). Driven by President Guebuza, he joined the government in 2008 in the portfolio of Defense, then is invested Frelimo candidate for the presidential election of 2014. Winner with 57% of the votes, Mr. Nyusi then presents himself as “the bee who will make honey for all”, in reference to his surname which means “bee” in his native language. But under his mandate, the country’s economy, which grew at a rate of 7% per annum, slows down sharply, victim of a scandal provoked by a secret lending affair which has fueled a massive corruption operation at the highest summit of the country. Mozambican state. Filipe Nyusi approaches the election in a position of weakness, further destabilized by an Islamist insurgency that has bloodied his home province for two years. Ossufo Momade At the age of 58, Ossufo Momade has hardly taken over for a year the succession of the historic leader of the National Resistance of Mozambique (Renamo), Afonso Dhlakama, who died suddenly in his stronghold in the mountains of Gorongosa (center). He entered the army very young and joined Renamo shortly after the beginning of the civil war (1975) until he became one of the main military leaders at the signing of the 1992 peace agreement. His movement officially joined the opposition to the regime and Mr. Momade was elected MP in 1999, a mandate he has retained to this day. Secretary General of the party from 2007 to 2012, he then directs the military department, especially during the resumption of armed hostilities with the regime (2013-2016), until the brutal death of Afonso Dhlakama in May 2018. Bombed then at the head of the ex-rebellion, he follows the footsteps of his predecessor by signing in August with the government a peace agreement supposed to end the conflict. But this agreement, which provides for the disarmament of Renamo’s armed wing, is not to the taste of the whole party. One faction denounces him and denies the authority of Mr. Momade, however, inducted his party candidate Filipe Nyusi. Daviz Simango At 55, he is the third man of the vote. The son of a Frelimo leader who was purged by the ruling party, Daviz Simango embarked on politics with Renamo before seceding in 2009 to form the Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM). An engineer by training, he has been the mayor since 2003 of the second city of Beira country, ravaged six months ago by cyclone Idai. Candidate for the first time in the presidential election in 2009, he won nearly 9% of the vote. But he fails to push his influence beyond it and has to settle for just 6% five years later. His party also shrank in last year’s local elections, garnering only 8.5 percent of the vote nationally. Daviz Simango had managed to keep his stronghold of Beira. Mario Albino Surprise guest of the presidential election, Mario Albino presents himself in the name of a United Movement for Integral Salvation (AMUSI), created by former MDM members dissenting. Originally from Nampula, he went to the town hall last year but received only 4.2% of the vote.Sun, 13 Oct 2019 08:49:34 +0000editorial@africanews.com; a story of a successful Arab Spring has been a model of successful democratic transition in the Arab world since its revolution in 2011, despite socio-economic difficulties, with other Arab Spring countries sinking into chaos, repression or war. This Maghreb country, open to the north and east on the Mediterranean with 1,300 km of coast, bordering Algeria to the west and Libya to the south, has more than 11.5 million inhabitants. colonization In March 1956, this French protectorate obtained its independence. A year later, the Republic is proclaimed, the dynasty of beys dismissed and the father of independence Habib Bourguiba becomes its first president. Sick and old, it was dismissed in 1987, after a long authoritarian drift, by his Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who is then elected and re-elected in controversial elections. The arab spring On December 17, 2010, a young street vendor, overwhelmed by misery and police harassment, set himself on fire in Sidi Bouzid (center-west), triggering a protest against unemployment and expensive living. The demonstrations, marked by bloody riots, spread to the whole country. On January 14, 2011, Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia. Other Arab countries will be won by popular protest. In October, the Islamist Ennahdha movement, legalized in March, won with 37% of the first free vote in the country’s history. In 2014, Tunisia adopts a new Constitution and then organizes legislative elections, won by the anti-Islamist party Nidaa Tounes before Ennahdha – both parties will seal an unnatural alliance thereafter. In December, Béji Caïd Essebsi is elected president by universal suffrage. He died in July 2019. Women rights Tunisia has been considered a pioneer in women’s rights in North Africa and the Middle East since the adoption in 1956 of the Personal Status Code, which gives Tunisian women unprecedented rights. The code abolishes polygamy, institutes judicial divorce and sets the minimum age of marriage at 17 for women, “subject to their consent”. It also opens the door to education, the freedom of choice of the spouse and civil marriage. The 2014 Constitution introduces a goal of parity in elected assemblies. In 2017, Parliament passes a law to combat violence against women.Sun, 13 Oct 2019 08:35:21 +0000editorial@africanews.com